1) Arguments from analogy have the following properties: Object A has property P,
Object A and Object T are similar to degree n. T has property P. Analogy looks at
how similar the analogs are to the targets, if its very similar then the analogy is
strong, if it is not similar then the analogy is weak.
2) An argument from design might be a weak inductive argument because we only
have one universe to compare ourselves to. The purpose of inductive argument is
to extrapolate a claim using the information we get from a sample, and since the
design argument claims that we are the products of intelligent design, we need to
look at other universes which are products of intelligent design, however there are
none. Therefore, it is a weak inductive argument.
3) Theistic evolution says that God set mindless evolutionary processes in motion;
these processes, once underway, are enough to explain the observed features of
organisms. Creationism disagrees with both, it maintains not just that God set
mindless evolutionary processes in motion, but also that he intervenes in these
mindless processes, doing work that the mindless processes are incapable of
doing. Therefore the difference is that with theistic evolutionism, after God set
mindless evolutionary objects in motion, he just left. However, with creationism,
he set them in motion and also intervened to help them do work that they were
incapable of doing.
4) The 2 law of thermodynamic states that a closed system will mo