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2013-Fall-Exercise 5.docx

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William Seager

PHLA10 Reason and Truth Exercise 5 1. Outline the argument against the existence of God based upon evil. God is all-PKG by definition. If all-PKG being exists, there will be no evil because an all-PKG being knows, hates and has the ability to destroy evil. However there is evil. So God does not exist. 2. What is the difference between prudential and evidential reasons for belief? People have a prudential reason to believe something if believing it makes them feel better or get some benefits. A prudential reason doesn’t increase the probability of the belief. However, an evidential reason provides evidence that can show the belief is true. 3. Consider this situation: you are rolling a single die and you get paid $1.20 if you roll either a 1, 2, 3 or 4 but you have to pay $1.50 if you roll a 5 or 6. What is the expected utility of this game? EU = 4/6 * $1.20 + 2/6 * (-$1.50) = $0.30 4. Try to explain Clifford's objection against Pascal's (and James's) argument.
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