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Ethics - Session 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Kelin Emmett

Ethics - Session 3  utilitarianism  explains most fundamental/general differences between right or wrong actions  the greatest happiness principle  an act is right if and only if it brings the greatest amount of happiness/utility, pleasure in the absence of pain  3 categories of moral evaluation of actions  (can replace "actions" with "people" or "intentions", but will focus on "actions)  1. obligatory: morally required  a kind of right action when more than just right because it's required  2. permissible/right: morally accepted  3. impermissible/wrong: obligated to not do  every action  either right or wrong  Q. when is an act obligatory?  A. when it's the only right action  ex. There's a drowning kid in a shallow pond.  it would be wrong to not save the kid  classic formation of utilitarianism  1. Jeremy Bentham  2. John Stuart Mill  3. Henry Sidgwick  two main parts of utilitarianism  1. consequentialism  whether an act is right or wrong is determined entirely by its consequences  an act is right if and only if it produces the best consequences for everyone out of all the acts available to the agent  2. hedonism  Q. what i
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