Ethics - Session 8
continue with Shafer-L.
thinks that his proposals are equivalent to each other
they are not
principle of universalizability
maxim of an act: principle of an act given before doing it
if the maxim is universalizable, it can be done successfully
action is successful upon acting on a maxim if
1. intended act is done
2. goal is „met‟
three step test
1. identify the maxim
2. imagine a world where everybody acts on 1.
3. can I do it in the imaginary world?
Q. Why is the universalizability test a good test?
A. If the maxim cannot be done in an imaginary world, it means that I am doing it while
nobody else is which is unfair.
relying on others to follow the rules is not fair
acting contrary to reasoning
moral requirements are not like rational requirements
apply to us because we are rational agents amoralist challenge to morality
the amoralist accepts that the concept of right and wrong exists
does not care
wants to reject the amoralist claim
through a connection between rationality and morality
argues that the amoralist believes that the concept of right and wrong exists
at the same time, the amoralist does not follow the concept and denies it
argues that if one were rational
one would be consistent and moral
if obedient to the universalizability principle
cannot reject conclusion if premise one to three are true
need to reject either one, two, or three in order to reject the conclusion
seems to be right
premise 2. and 3. are doubtfu