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Lecture 5

PHLA11 Week 3 Lecture 5 Notes.docx

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Julia Nefsky

PHLA11 WEEK 3 LECTURE 5 1 Unit 1: Moral Theories Nozick’s Thought-Experiment: The Experience Machine -while plugged in you wouldn’t know where you are or you are plugged in, you think its all real and there would be a way of ensuring that you’d be having the experiences you want -you don’t need to worry about the welfare of other people, everyone can plug into their own machines and you don’t have to worry about questions such as who will service the machines, etc. -Nozick says the resounding answer would be no, no one wants to spend their life floating in the tank Two Parts of Utilitarianism -consequentialism says to maximize good consequences -according to Hedonism, the only good thing is itself is pleasure and the absence of pain Hedonism -intrinsically valuable if valuable in itself, good in itself, desirable for its own sake -instrumentally valuable is valuable if it is a means to bringing about something else that is valuable -hedonism says that the only things that are intrinsically valuable are pleasure in the absence of pain, life depends entirely how much pleasure and pain you experience over your life Mill and Hedonism -for hedonism to be true, what is good about knowledge, friendships, achievement, etc., is just the pleasure, or relief from pain than they give us -anything that is valuable to us, is valuable for the pleasure that is involves as a means to pleasu
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