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Lecture 4

lecture 4.docx

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Dustin Stokes

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PHLB07 – Monday September 27 , 2010 – Lecture 4 I. Some intuitions o Society: Different cultures have differences  Meeting others, justice o Individuals: have differences either o In morality  That's just your opinion  That's a subjective view  So there is no objective morality II. From cultural relativism to ethical relativism o If you think there are no right and wrongs in cultural choices/differences, you have moved to a view of ethics o Two senses of norm  Normal (descriptive; quantitative)  Norm as a value concept  Constraints on how we should or shouldn’t act; there will be consequences if you do different  Benedict collapses these two senses o Cultural vs ethical  Benedict moves from descriptive cultural to ethical relativism o The view:  Normal and abnormal varies from cultures  When what is normal conties to think is normal this is “gppd”  Moral goods are thus what a culture deems normal  Morally good=sociall approved o Cultural relativism relative to a culture C an action a is morally good is an only a is socially approved in c o Abnormality in and across cultures  Not all cultures are absolute; what is considered (ab)normal is determined by cultures only o A moral theory  Morally good = habitual relative to a culture  Morally good = socially approved by a culture  Cultural differences suggests that there ARE no culture independent standards  You cannot look at another culture and say that is good in our society  Any belief in objective or universal rights and wrongs is thereby challenged o Distinguishing the claims of cultural relativism  You cannot do any cross cultural comparison because there are no moral standards objective to culture
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