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PHLB13H3 (11)

Feminism - Session 3

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Lynda Lange

Feminism - Session 3  political philosophers should give priority to addressing vulnerabilities that are socially caused and so likely preventable  trick question for two reasons  reason 1. can only be held responsible for things in our power  reason 2. "ought" implies "can"  human institutions are created by humans  world poverty and human rights  Thomas Pogge does not discuss all kinds of globalization  the big, global issue  many people in parts of the world are poor (often written about topic)  proponents of economic globalization can point to the fact that the global average income has been rising ("globalization" is an umbrella term to cover what has happened in the past decade)  economic globalization: new kinds of free trade  ex. not building a factory because Canadian workers will demand too much money, export or import material  Q. what is economic globalization in contrast with other forms?  Q. who are likely to be its proponents?  A. people who have an idealized idea of free trade  mainly concerned with severe poverty  chronic bad health  " spite... than falling"  what is poverty in Canada compared to other countries?  actual poverty in Canada (ex. homelessness is severe poverty)  marginalization  people "in society" (technically speaking, are part of society), but are pushed to the edge by not being treated the same  ex. sex workers earn money and spend earnings in society, therefore they are part of society and yet, not treated the same  what is child poverty in Canada?  ex. no nutritious food, go hungry  ex. can't afford to go to the dentist for preventive care  statistics used to manipulate public  lack of sympathy for the poor parents of the poor children  third world child poverty  growth stunt  do not realize how unhealthy they are for their whole life  absolute v.s relative poverty  does this distinction change the issue of moral responsibility  people in Canada not obligated to help third world children  what some philosophers say  Q. how is it possible that there's so much severe poverty if global average income has been rising?  A. polarization  polarization  gap between richest and the poorest, not to absolute numbers  ex. "occupy" movement: 99% and 1%= polarization domestic to Canada and still have middle class which is still shrinking  ex. Columbia has no middle class, only many rich or poor people  value: Pogge presents world poverty as a moral issue  Pogge presents world poverty as an issue of human rights  rights: claim to something  taking poverty as something that inspires a claim  inspires anxiety, helplessness, fear  approx. time it took Pogge to write the paper  Pogge claims a transfer of 1% of the regional wealth to the poor could be done in the same amount of time  conditioned to not take world poverty seriously  can't give up enough to help others, can't solve problem  Pogge critical about economic thought about "development"  poor countries, nothing to invest in and private invest in foreign  foreign aid (giving money) v.s foreign investment  important distinction between foreign aid and investment  foreign aid projects often fail, but at the same time, experiments fail in "free market" development with foreign investments  free market  true ideology  a value system (ex. religion)  political philosophers of freedom: neoliberism  1. core belief that individual freedom at most important  value: no interference in life  freedom: no interference  2. the free market/trade, very important  "free" to let rich/poor choose how they use income  goal is to lower taxes because drive to reduce government or public programs mean lower government expenditures  much research on economic restructuring (A. Jagger)  more impact on women than men  involve reducing government programs (ex. health)  requirement in philosophy  accurate idea of what view is  offer reasoning  position taken by Canadian government  majority of world poverty is due to local causes  Pogge calls it "explanatory" nationalism  (compare to A. Jagger's "inadequate responses")  "we" are responsible for world poverty  huge claim from Pogge  Pogge's argument  because we have causal involvement (wealthy countries)  how Pogge leads up to his argument  part 1. global inequality  part 2. political philosophy  part 3. present global institutional arrangements  part 1. global inequality  between countries/regions and large populations of people  first developed during the modern colonial period (1492-now)  modern: past five years, period from 1492, etc  Pogge  some believe that great inequality is morally justified if it comes in a benign way  benign  ex. is inheritance benign  ex. people watch singers and pay to watch them sing, so is it fine that
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