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Feminism - Session 10

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Lynda Lange

Feminism – Session 10  for the past three decades, women have been more free  the struggle is now, to balance work and home  Weir disagrees and does not believe that the remaining issue is balance  ethical tension  import of other women to do the care work  reason why wealthier women are able to balance work and home  the imported women are at a disadvantage  other women fill up the gap left by more privileged women  large steps have been taken for gender equality  equality between men and women  does not seem very ethical  need for care is always necessary  hard to minimize care in ethically acceptable manner  ex. cutting corners at work and cutting corners in care  we are humans, wouldn’t be ethical to cut corners in care  not many corners to cut to begin with  these theorists are relying on the idea of conscious thought regarding care  wealthy developed countries take public responsibility for care from women  requires great social investment  shown by complaints regarding inadequacy of hospitals and soup kitchens  feminist theorists  try to show that regardless of how it is distributed, lots of social investments in care  try to “count” the care and domestic work  to include it in economic analysis  issue with GDP  things that are bartered are not included  ex. unpaid care workers  only money transactions are included  efforts made to change how things are measured  work  life activity and time  in Australia, a serious effort was made to measure care work  conclusion was half that it took up half of the national value  cannot do it with the value  ex. you can measure the price of a meal, but you cannot measure the price of a child  suppose a meal is seven dollars, but what is the price tag on a child  migrant care workers  ex. nannies, child care workers, care residences, home workers  Weir looks at the global perspective through the POV of migrant care workers  to view the shift, must look at it globally  it’s a global phenomenon, that women from foreign countries fill up the gaps  many women want to do it  leave home and kids to work for low pay in another wealthier country  care is bumped down  creation of global care chain  ex. of global care chain  a Canadian woman is a lawyer and works ten hours days  hires a Filipina live-in care worker  the children of the live-in Filipina care worker  cared by other women back home  the women caring for the children of the live-in Filipina care worker  at the bottom of the chain  forced to conform the most  forced to care for the children left behind  cannot earn independent living, therefore forced to depend on a man for income  ex. creation of a care deficit  suppose that the live-in Filipina care worker has three children  suppose that the women caring for the children left behind has four children  the women caring for the children of the live-in Filipina care worker  cares for her own children as well as the live-in Filipina care worker  cares for seven children in total  the women in these situations are poor  children receive poor care compared to the child of the Canadian woman  justification in market terms  seems that women go out of their own will  preferable to other options  therefore, it is defendable in market terms  philosophy of the free market  do it out of your own will  ex. go buy the shoes you like  labor market version  ex. choose the job you like with a pay that you feel is acceptable  problematic concept of consent  defendable in terms of human rights  ex. If a woman wants to do it, shouldn’t she be able to?  ex. Shouldn’t you take advantage of whatever market opportunity is available?  ex. Even if you don’t think it’s a good opportunity, she does.  depends on the deep poverty of a country  empirical claim  dependence on the deep poverty of a country does not settle the issue of global justice  the shift in overall perspective is important  moral blame going on is primarily directed at powerful men  taking the POV of migrant women seriously  blame falls onto the members of wealthier countries  Pogge  we are all responsible as citizens, not individually  we are all responsible because we can influence
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