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Lecture 4

Week 4 Notes


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHLA10H3
Professor
William Seager
Lecture
4

Page:
of 2
Additional Notes
Lecture Week 4 class 1 & Tutorial Notes
Readings 52-60
WAY 4:
Design Template
1. among objects that act for an end, some have minds whereas others do not
2. an object that acts for an end, but does not itself have a mind, must have been
designed by a being that has a mind
3. hence, there exists a being with a mind who designed all mindless objects that act
for an end
hence god exists
**Note: premises 2 & 3 are Birthday Fallacy, why does there have to be 1 Creator of all
mindless objects?
“act for an end” – goal orientated
Aquinas – everything living or not should be understood as teleological (goal-orientated)
*everything has a goal
Problem: some mindless objects are goal orientated – Missiles
Two Types of Design Arguments
1. Global Design
A Global Design argument cites some general feature of the whole universe and argues
that this feature should be explained by the hypothesis that it is the product of intelligent
design.
2. Local Design
A Local design argument focuses on more of the specific features of the universe and
claims that the hypothesis that God exists is the best of the only plausible explanation of
that fact.
Random Hypothesis: accidently produced
The Design Hypothesis: it is the product of intelligence
www.notesolution.com
-the design argument claims that there is something they observe
-design arguments are abductive
-hume states that they are inductive arguments or arguments of analogy
-arguments are stronger and weaker depending on how similar the analogs are to
the targets
Human beings circulate their blood
Dogs circulate their blood
Human beings are analogs
Dogs are targets
Object A has property P
Object A and object T are similar to degree n
T has property P
A high value of n means they are very similar
WAY 1 – conclusion – there is a first cause of motion
-alter the 2nd premise -> any change in motion requires a cause
an infinite chaing of causes is impossible
-world is contingent, has to stop somewhere?
-If it is eternal then do the chain have causes?
WAY 2 – identity of indisciteables
-two things exactly same – you actually have one thing
www.notesolution.com