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Lecture 4

Week 4 Notes

2 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHLA10H3
Professor
William Seager

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Additional Notes
Lecture Week 4 class 1 & Tutorial Notes
Readings 52-60
WAY 4:
Design Template
1. among objects that act for an end, some have minds whereas others do not
2. an object that acts for an end, but does not itself have a mind, must have been
designed by a being that has a mind
3. hence, there exists a being with a mind who designed all mindless objects that act
for an end
hence god exists
**Note: premises 2 & 3 are Birthday Fallacy, why does there have to be 1 Creator of all
mindless objects?
“act for an end” – goal orientated
Aquinas – everything living or not should be understood as teleological (goal-orientated)
*everything has a goal
Problem: some mindless objects are goal orientated – Missiles
Two Types of Design Arguments
1. Global Design
A Global Design argument cites some general feature of the whole universe and argues
that this feature should be explained by the hypothesis that it is the product of intelligent
design.
2. Local Design
A Local design argument focuses on more of the specific features of the universe and
claims that the hypothesis that God exists is the best of the only plausible explanation of
that fact.
Random Hypothesis: accidently produced
The Design Hypothesis: it is the product of intelligence
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Description
Additional Notes Lecture Week 4 class 1 & Tutorial Notes Readings 52-60 WAY 4: Design Template 1. among objects that act for an end, some have minds whereas others do not 2. an object that acts for an end, but does not itself have a mind, must have been designed by a being that has a mind 3. hence, there exists a being with a mind who designed all mindless objects that act for an end hence god exists **Note: premises 2 & 3 are Birthday Fallacy, why does there have to be 1 Creator of all mindless objects? act for an end goal orientated Aquinas everything living or not should be understood
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