PHLA10H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Omnibenevolence, Omnipotence, Fallacy
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a. A is a Knave, because if he was a knight, the statement “We are both
knaves” would be false. Since A is a Knave, he is lying when he says
that “we are both knaves”, meaning that B is a Knight. If B was a
knave, A’s statement would be true, making it impossible.
a. God is a person, all powerful (omnipotent), all knowing (omniscient)
and entirely good (omnibenevolent).
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Aquinas thought that if an object is in motion, it must be caused to
move by something outside itself. Newton’s conception of motion
believed that an object will remain in uniform motion, so long as it isn’t
acted on by an external force.
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A fallacy can be de*ned as “a mistaken belief, especially one based on
unsound argument.” The Birthday Fallacy is a fallacy because it says
that everyone has a birthday – day on which he or she was born. There
is a single day that is everybody’s birthday. This is not true because
not everyone has a birthday on the same day. This is a mistaken belief.
If P is false, then A is true.
A is false.
Therefore P is true.
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Contingency is something that may or may not exist, but if they do
exist, they don’t NEED to exist whereas necessity refers to something
that MUST exist no matter what. A necessity being doesn’t depend on
its existence for anything.
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A necessary being is something that must exist “in all worlds”. It
doesn’t depend for its existence on anything.
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a. Certainty is a prediction or hypothesis about an event or situation
which is based on our personal opinions and beliefs. It is in the
subjective realm while necessity is objective because it revolves
around the situation at hand, as opposed to concretely existing.
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