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PHLA11H3 Lecture Notes - Reductio Ad Absurdum, Euthyphro Dilemma

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Kelin Emmett

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Ethics Session 13
what will not be on the final exam
Prinz and the articles that were not discussed in class
God and morality
three options with repeat
all seem to be compatible with objectivism
1. God does not exist because lots of objective laws exist
therefore, moral laws
2. God exists and commandments create morality
therefore, moral laws are objective
(seems arbitrary)
3. God exists and commands things because they are morally right
therefore, moral rules are objective
(does not seem arbitrary)
Euthyphro dilemma
meant to show that 3. is the best choice for theists
Occam’s Razor
principle is to choose the simpler explanation between two
ex. Why believe in good and bad (or right and wrong)
no room for that stuff because of science
argument against moral objectivity
premise two
moral facts are not required to explain anything
ex. behavior
moral facts are not required to describe events
description of people and psychological
Shafer-Landau (page 96-97) explains why premise two doesn’t work
premise two is true
Shafer-Landau attacks premise one
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