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Lecture

good argument

2 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHLB05H3
Professor
Bader

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Acceptable is basically something that is not controversial.
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Science liberates the human spirit, while religion enslaves it.
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Unacceptable premises:
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Sort of
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There needs to be another argument that supports the premise
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You can have it as long as it has a supporting argument that has cogent premises
|
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If a cogent sub-argument exists elsewhere, it is acceptable to cite it.
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Highly dangerous because some people have not read what you have read
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Argument as arm wrestling, not as finding the truth
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But it is important to remember the argument and to take note that this is not an
argument from authority
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If they still want to back up some more, either explain the cogent argument or just tell
them to read the reference
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It is also acceptable to cite someone else's cogent argument.
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Cogent Sub-Arguments
Premises that are true as a matter definition
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e.g. thirteen is prime number
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"from before"
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Meaning of words, connection of ideas, etc.
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With this, sometimes you will need to do some clarification of the definitions themselves
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You should be clear of what you mean by something
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If they define it in another different way than the A Priori definition, just tolerate and not
nit-pick
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Apply charity if someone else is using the term
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A Priori Premises
Knowledge that no one will seriously disagree with you about
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e.g. human beings have hearts
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May be time relevant specially if it is based on science
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You don't need to footnote when you're writing a paper
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It will be hard to cite this actually
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Just that everybody around you agrees doesn't make it a common knowledge (e.g.
democracy being the best government, state and church being one)
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Some are culturally or temporally conditioned
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Common Knowledge
Acceptable
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When someone makes a claim of what they have perceived not their impressions (what they
think or feel about it)
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Reasonableness rather than the truth
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e.g. people who first heard about the Platypus may not have believed it
Implausible claims
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Mistaken
May have some limitation or biased
Intentionally to deceive for whatever purpose
Unreliable source
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Downsides:
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Testimony
Lecture 2 -Good Argument
12 January 2011
16:20
Lectures Page 1
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Description
Lecture 2 - Good Argument 12 January2011 16:20 - Acceptable is basicallysomething that isnot controversial. - Unacceptable premises: Science liberates the human spirit, whilereligionenslavesit. Cogent Sub-Arguments - Can there be arguments with controversial premises? Sort of There needs to be another argument that supports the premise You can have it as long as it has a supporting argument that has cogent premises - If a cogent sub-argument exists elsewhere,it is acceptable to cite it. - It is also acceptable to cite someone elsescogent argument. Highlydangerous because some peoplehave not read what you have read Argumentas arm wrestling, not as finding the truth But it is important to rememberthe argument and to take note that this is not an argument from authority If they still want to back up some more, either explainthe cogent argumentor just tell them to read the reference A Priori Premises - Premisesthat are true as a matter definition - from before e.g. thirteen is primenumber - Meaning of words, connection of ideas, etc. - With this, sometimesyou will need to do someclarification of the definitions themse
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