Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSC (30,000)
POLB50Y3 (200)
Lecture

A+ Notes: Executive Power


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB50Y3
Professor
Cochraine

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Executive Power: A Friendly Dictatorship?
Types of Regimes (where sovereignty is given):
monarchy/dictatorship
theocracy – religious leader
aristocracy/oligarchy
democracy/liberal democracy
sovereignty to ppl
constitution limits gov’t – spell out in advance what gov’t can/can’t do, which
areas of control
leaves to indiv. what gov’t doesn’t have control
in Western world (US, Can)
rule of law & regular, free, fair elections
democracy traced to Ancient Athens
direct democracy
court cases with massive juries
in Can, could have direct democracy – ex. referendum on Charlottetown Accord (not Meech
Lake)
in California, referendums all the time
representative democracy is indirect democracy
3 powers of gov’t (necessary to exercise sovereignty):
power to make laws legislature
adminster/enforce laws executive
interpret laws judicial
dictatorship controls all 3 powers
divided powers in liberal democracy
in transitional demo, must have independent judicial
The US: Strict Separation of Powers
concentration of power – easy to violate indiv. rights
work against each other for public good (ambition made to counteract ambition)
can control 1, not 2
sys. of check & balances (can protect self)
legislature most likely to dominate divide by 2
House of Rep & Senate (bi-cameral legislature)
Pres. can’t be in legislature
can’t appoint Senate/House of Rep to Cabinet w/o resigning from Congress
impeach President by Congress
trial lead by Chief Justice of SC, conducted by Senate
can remove President
Clinton, Andrew Johnson (not Nixon)
Pres. can’t pass law on his own, but can veto bills (any bill must be signed by Pres. to be law)
Congress can cut Pres. off ($) but Pres. can veto
Congress – purse, Pres. – sword, judicial – judgement
Pres. elected by Electoral College (by ppl) executive is elected
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