Class Notes (1,000,000)
CA (610,000)
UTSC (30,000)
POLB50Y3 (200)
Lecture

POLB50Y3 Lecture Notes - Inferiority Complex, W. M. Keck Observatory, The Canadian Press


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB50Y3
Professor
Mc Kinon

Page:
of 11
January'18'*'Opinions'and'Attitudes'
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________'
!
CHAPTER'11:'THE'CANADIAN'POLITICAL'CULTURE'
!
"#$%&%'($!')$&)*+!%,'$)-+.!/++$%,0.!1+#1$+!2(3+!&#4(*-!&2+!#3+*($$!1#$%&%'($!'#55),%&6!#/!
7(,(-(!8!*+('&%#,.!&#!,(&%#,($!.659#$.:!(,-!/+%0,.!#/!1(&*%#&%.5:!,(&%#,($%.5!(,-!1*%-+!
;!.+'#,-!(.1+'&!#/!1#$%&%'($!')$&)*+!%,3#$3+.!9+$%+/.!*+0(*-%,0!&2+!*#$+!#/!&2+!.&(&+!!
!
Theoretical'Considerations!
<(3%-!=+$$!>!?"#$%&%'($!')$&)*+!'#,.%.&.!#/!&2+!%-+(.:!(..)51&%#,.:!3($)+.!(,-!9+$%+/.!&2(&!
.2(1+!#)*!),-+*.&(,-%,0!(,-!9+2(3%#)*!(.!'%&%@+,.!%,!&2+!4#*$-!#/!1#$%&%'.A!B&!(//+'&.!&2+!
4(6.!4+!).+!1#$%&%'.:!&2+!C%,-.!#/!.#'%($!1*#9$+5.!4+!(--*+..:!(,-!&2+!.#$)&%#,.!4+!
(&&+51&D!
!
The'Traditional'Canadian'Political'Culture!
Democracy!
E2+!/%*.&!'#,'$).%#,!&2(&!+5+*0+.!/*#5!(!F)+.&!#/!7(,(-%(,!1#$%&%'($!3($)+.!%.!&2(&!($5#.&!($$!
7(,(-%(,.!9+$%+3+!%,!-+5#'*('6!
Democracy!%,'$)-+.!+$+5+,&.!#/!1#1)$(*!.#3+*+%0,&6:!1#$%&%'($!+F)($%&6:!1#$%&%'($!/*++-#5!
(,-!5(G#*%&6!*)$+!
!
Popular'Sovereignty!8!1+#1$+!2(3+!&2+!/%,($!.(6A!;&!&2+!/+-+*($:!1*#3%,'%($!(,-!&+**%&#*%($!
$+3+$.!%,!7(,(-(:!&2+!7#,.&%&)&%#,!*+F)%*+.!&2(&!+$+'&%#,.!9+!2+$-!(&!$+(.&!+3+*6!/%3+!6+(*.A!!
Political'Equality!8!+3+*6#,+!%.!+F)($!#,!+$+'&%#,!-(6H!+3+*6!1+*.#,!2(.!#,$6!#,+!3#&+!
Political'Freedom!8!(.!.&(&+-!%,!.+'&%#,!I!#/!&2+!7(,(-%(,!72(*&+*!#/!J%02&.!(,-!K*++-#5.!
!
Majority'Rule'and'Minority'Rights!
L(G#*%&6!*)$+!8!&2+!$(*0+*!,)59+*!&(C+.!1*+'+-+,'+!#3+*!&2+!.5($$+*!,)59+*!
M#4+3+*:!%&!%.!.#5+&%5+.!/+$&!,+'+..(*6!&#!1*#&+'&!'+*&(%,!5%,#*%&%+.!/*#5!&2+!('&%#,.!#/!&2+!
5(G#*%&6:!.#!&2(&!.1+'%/%'!5%,#*%&6!*%02&.!(*+!0%3+,!'#,.&%&)&%#,($!1*#&+'&%#,!
!
Distinguishing'between'Canadian'and'American'Values'
;5+*%'(,!<+'$(*(&%#,!#/!B,-+1+,-+,'+!$%.&.!#9G+'&%3+.!#/!?$%/+:!$%9+*&6!(,-!1)*.)%&!#/!
2(11%,+..D!
7(,(-%(,!7#,.&%&)&%#,!;'&!&($C.!(9#)&!?1+('+:!#*-+*:!(,-!0##-!0#3+*,5+,&D!
7(,(-(!%.!#/&+,!'#,.%-+*+-!&#!9+!(!?C%,-+*:!0+,&$+*D!.#'%+&6!&2(,!&2+!NO:!&2).!&2+*+!(*+!P!
9(.%'!7(,(-%(,!3($)+.!&2(&!'(,!9+!-%.&%,0)%.2+-!/#*5!&2#.+!%,!&2+!NOA!
!
1.'Balance'Between'Individualism'and'Collectivism!
Individualism!8!+3+*6#,+!.2#)$-!9+!/*++!&#!-#!42(&!&2+6!4(,&!4%&2!&2+%*!9).%,+..!(.!&2+6!
'2##.+!(,-!*+(1!&2+!9+,+/%&.!#/!&2+!#/!&2+%*!$(9#)*!4%&2#)&!0#3+*,5+,&!%,&+*/+*+,'+!!
Collectivism!8!1)9$%'!%,&+*+.&!%.!+,2(,'+-!96!.)9.&(,&%($!'#$$+'&%3+!('&%#,:!,#*5($$6!3%(!
0#3+*,5+,&A!
7(,(-(!2(.!9++,!$+..!2#.&%$+!&#4(*-!1)9$%'!%,&+*3+,&%#,!(,-!5#*+!%,'$%,+-!&#!*+$6!#,!
0#3+*,5+,&A!7(,(-%(,.!4+*+!/#),-!&#!9+!-%3%-+-!+3+,$6!%,!&2+%*!/(%&2!%,!/*++!+,&+*1*%.+!(.!
#11#.+-!&#!&2+!*#$+!#/!0#3+*,5+,&!
!
2.'Particularism,'Diversity,'and'Tolerance!
B55%0*(,&.!&#!&2+!NO!(*+!)*0+-!&#!9+'#5+!?;5+*%'(,.D:!42+*+(.!7(,(-(!+,'#)*(0+.!&2+!
*+&+,&%#,!#/!')$&)*($!1(*&%')$(*%.5.A!E2+!#*%0%,($!9(.%.!#/!&2%.!3($)+!4(.!&2+!-%.&%,'&%3+,+..!
#/!&2+!K*+,'2Q7(,(-%(,!J#5(,!7(&2#$%'!'#55),%&6!%,!R)+9+'A!!
!
3.'Deference'to'Authority!
E2+*+!%.!(!2%02+*!$+3+$!#/!-+/+*+,'+!&#!()&2#*%&6!%,!7(,(-%(,!O#'%+&6A!7(,(-%(,.!
-+5#,.&*(&+!0*+(&+*!*+.1+'&!&#4(*-!&2+!$(4:!G)-0+.:!1#$%'+:!*+$%0%#).!$+(-+*.!(,-!&2+*.!4%&2!
?$+0%&%5(&+!1#4+*D!
!
4.'Egalitarianism!
7(,(-(!%.!5#*+!+0($%&(*%(,!&2(,!&2+!NO!%,!&2+!'#,.&%&)&%#,($!+F)($%&6!#/!4#5+,A!E2+!72(*&+*!
($.#!0)(*(,&++.!+F)($%&6!(,-!1*+3+,&!-%.'*%5%,(&%#,A!;$.#:!&2+!2+($&2!(,-!4+$/(*+!1*#0*(5.!
&2(&!/$#4!/*#5!7(,(-%(,!'#$$+'&%3%.5!+,.)*+!+F)($%&6!/#*!1##*!(,-!4#*C%,0!'$(..+.A!!
7(,(-%(,!+0($%&(*%(,%.5!%.!*+$(&+-!&#!&2+!'#51(*(&%3+!.&*+,0&2!#/!'$(..Q'#,.'%#).,+..:!&*(-+!
),%#,.!(,-!.#'%($!-+5#'*(&%'!1(*&%+.!%,!&2+!I!'#),&*%+.A!!
!
5.'Caution,'Diffidence,'Dependence,'Idealism'and'Nonviolence!
O#5+&%5+.!'($$+-!(!,(&%#,($!%,/+*%#*%&6!'#51$+S:!&2%.!%,'$)-+.!#)*!2%.&#*%'($!-+1-+,'+!#,!
#&2+*!'#),&*%+.:!&2+!$('C!#/!4%$$!&#!9+!&*)$6!+S'+1&%#,($!#*!&#!.&(,-!#)&!/*#5!&2+!'*#4-:!(,-!
&2+!(9.+,'+!#/!(!.1%*%&!#/!%,,#3(&%#,!(,-!*%.C!&(C%,0A!
7(,(-%(,.!(*+!#9.+..+-!4%&2!.)*3%3($!*(&2+*!&2(,!.)''+..!(.!#11#.+-!&#!;5+*%'(,!42#!
4(,&!&#!9+!.)1+*%#*A!7(,(-%(,.!(92#*!3%#$+,'+!(&!2#5+!(,-!(9*#(-!(,-!2(3+!&*%+-!&#!9+!
1+('+5(C+*.!(,-!C++1+*.!%,!%,&+*,(&%#,($!*+$(&%#,.A!!
!
Other'Basic'Values!
K#)*!(--%&%#,($!'2(*('&+*%.&%'.!2(3+!($.#!9++,!'#,.%-+*+-!1(*&!#/!&2+!9(.%'!7(,(-%(,!
1#$%&%'($!3($)+A!
TA 7(,(-%(,.!(*+!,#*&2+*,!1+#1$+!(&&('2+-!&#!&2+!$(,-!
IA 7(,(-(!%.!(,!#//%'%($$6!9%$%,0)($!'#),&*6!
UA 7(,(-(!%.!(!/+-+*(&%#,:!4%&2!(!-%3%.%#,!#/!1#4+*.!9+&4++,!I!$+3+$.!#/!0#3+*,5+,&!
VA 7(,(-(W.!(-#1&%#,!#/!&2+!=*%&%.2!1(*$%(5+,&(*6!.6.&+5!
E2+!#,$6!.+*%#).!(&&+51&!&#!'#,.&*)'&!(!'#51*+2+,.%3+!$%.&!#/!,(&%#,($!3($)+.!4(.!&2+!
Canada'Clause!%,!&2+!TXXI!72(*$#&&+&#4,!;''#*-A!E2+6!%,'$)-+->!
<+5#'*('6!
"(*$%(5+,&(*6!.6.&+5!#/!0#3+*,5+,&!
K+-+*($!.6.&+5!#/!0#3+*,5+,&!
;9#*%0%,($!1+#1$+.!'#,.&%&)&%,0!#,+!#/!&2+!U!#*-+*.!#/!0#3+*,5+,&!
R)+9+'!'#,.&%&)&%,0!(!-%.&%,'&!.#'%+&6!%,!7(,(-(!
Y//%'%($!9%$%,0)($%.5!
J('%($:!+&2,%':!')$&)*($!+F)($%&6!(,-!-%3+*.%&6!
B,-%3%-)($!(,-!'#$$+'&%3+!2)5(,.!*%02&!(,-!/*++-#5.!
ZF)($%&6!#/!5+,!(,-!4#5+,!
ZF)($%&6!#/!&2+!1*#3%,'+.!9)&!*+'#0,%&%#,!#/!-%3+*.%&6!!
!
CANADA’S'CHANGING'POLTIICAL'CULTURE'
B,!&2+!TXX[.:!5#*+!(.1+'&.!#/!&2+!&*(-%&%#,($!3($)+!.++5+-!&#!9+!'2(,0%,0A!L)'2!#/!&2+!
&*(,./#*5(&%#,!'(,!9+!(&&*%9)&+-!&#!&2+!1*+.+,'+!#/!&2+!NO!-%*+'&$6!#*!%,-%*+'&$6A!!
Q!5#*+!)1.)*0+!%,!%,&+*+.&!%,!&2+!5+(,.!#/!5#*+!-%*+'&!1#1)$(*!1(*&%'%1(&%#,A!<%*+'&!
1(*&%'%1(&%#,!($.#!%,'$)-+.!&2+!'#,'+1&!#/!initiative!8!$+0%.$(&#*.!*+.1#,-!&#!-+5(,-.!/#*!
1#$%'6!'2(,0+.!+S1*+..+-!96!3#&+*.!%,!&2+!/#*5!#/!(!1+&%&%#,H!(,-!recall!8!(!5+59+*!#/!
"(*$%(5+,&!'#)$-!9+!/#*'+-!&#!*+.%0,!%/!(!'+*&(%,!1*#1#*&%#,!#/!+$+'&#*.!%,!(!'#,.&%&)+,'6!
.%0,!(!1+&%&%#,!&#!&2%.!+//+'&A!
Q!%-+(!&2(&!+$+'&+-!5+59+*.!#/!"(*$%(5+,&!.2#)$-!3#&+!#,!'+*&(%,!%..)+.!%,!(''#*-(,'+!4%&2!
&2+!3%+4.!#/!&2+%*!'#,.&%&)+,&.!
Q!.+3+*($!%,-%'(&%#,.!&2(&!/++$%,0.!#/!-+/+*+,'+!%,!7(,(-(!(*+!#,!-+'$%,+:!#,+!#/!42%'2!4(.!
&2+!5(G#*%&6W.!*+/).($!&#!+,-#*.+!&2+!72(*$#&&+&#4,!;''#*-!
Q!-+'$%,+!%,!0#3+*,5+,&!%,&+*3+,&%#,!9+'().+!#/!&2+!4#*$-4%-+!%,/$)+,'+!#/!
,+#$%9+*($%.5\,+#'#,.+*3(&%.5!
Q!'2(,0+!%,!*+0(*-.!&#!&2+!0*#4&2!#/!1#.&5(&+*%($%.5!
!
“LIMITED'IDENTITIES”:'SUBCULTURES'IN'CANADA'
Regional'and'Provincial/Territorial'Subcultures!
7(,(-%(,.!(*+!/*+F)+,&$6!1#$$+-!(.!&#!&2+%*!*+.1+'&%3+!/+-+*($!(,-!1*#3%,'%($!$#6($&%+.!8!
Y,&(*%(,.!2(3+!&2+!$+(.&!-+/%,+-!'#,'+1&!#/!1*#3%,'%($!%-+,&%&6:!(,-!R)+9+'C+*.!2(3+!&2+!
.&*#,0+.&!.+,.+!#/!9+%,0!(!?-%.&%,'&!.#'%+&6D!!
E2+!]+.&+*,!"#$%&%'($!.)9')$&)*+!2(.!9++,!5#.&!1*+-#5%,(,&!%,!*+'+,&!6+(*.!8!%&!%.!9(.+-!
#,!(!.+,.+!#/!9+%,0!),-+**+1*+.+,&+-!%,!,(&%#,($!0#3+*,5+,&.:!#/!9+%,0!.)9G+'&!&#!
-%.'*%5%,(&#*6!/+-+*($!+'#,#5%'!1#$%'%+.:!(,-!#/!&2+*+/#*+!4(,&%,0!(!-+'+,&*($%@(&%#,!#/!
/+-+*($!1#4+*.!&#!&2+!1*#3%,'+.A!!
Z('2!#/!&2+!U!"*(%*%+!1*#3%,'+.!2(.!(!.#5+42(&!-%.&%,'&%3+!1#$%&%'($!')$&)*+:!$(*0+$6!9(.+-!#,!
-%//+*+,&!1(&&+*,.!#/!.+&&$+5+,&A!L(,%&#9(!4(.!2%.&#*%'($$6!-#5%,(&+-!96!+SQY,&(*%#!$%9+*($.!
(,-!-+3+$#1+-!(!?$%9+*($D!1#$%&%'($!')$&)*+H!O(.C(&'2+4(,!9+'(5+!&2+!2#5+!#/!(!$(*0+!
'#,&%,0+,&!/*#5!&2+!=*%&%.2:!5(C%,0!%&!$+/&Q4%,0H!;$9+*&(!(&&*('&+-!5(,6!+SQ;5+*%'(,.!42#!
1*#3%-+-!&2+!9(.+!/#*!*%02&!4%,0!')$&)*+!
!
Ethnic'Subcultures!
R)+9+'!*+5(%,.!(!-%.&%,'&!+&2,%'!.)9')$&)*+!&#-(6:!9)&!%&.!3($)+.!2(3+!'2(,0+-!8!.&%$$!
'#,'+*,+-!4%&2!1*+.+*3(&%#,!#/!K*+,'2!$(,0)(0+!^!')$&)*+!9)&!,#!$#,0+*!$##C.!&#!&2+!
72)*'2!(.!(!5+(,.!#/!-#%,0!.#!!
_+4!5%,#*%&6!(,-!(9#*%0%,($!+&2,%'!.)9')$&)*+.!(*+!($.#!%,'*+(.%,0$6!+3%-+,&!%,!7(,-(!8!
&2+6!9+'(5+!5#*+!.+$/Q'#,/%-+,&!(,-!(00*+..%3+:!4(,&%,0!&#!%,/$)+,'+!1)9$%'!1#$%'%+.!
!
Other'Subcultures!
<%//+*+,&!'$(..+.!+S2%9%&!.#5+42(&!-%.&%,'&%3+!3($)+.:!(&&%&)-+.!(,-!#*%+,&(&%#,.:!+3+,!
42+*+!&2+!%,-%3%-)($.!%,3#$3+-!(*+!$('C%,0!%,!'$(..Q'#,.'%#).,+..!8!(&&%&)-+.!#/!&*).&!%,!
0#3+*,5+,&!(,-!/++$%,0.!#/!1#$%&%'($!+//%'('6!,(&)*($$6!-+'$%,+!/*#5!)11+*Q!&#!5%--$+Q!&#!
4#*C%,0Q'$(..!(,-!(*+!$#4+.&!(5#*+!1##*A!!