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CA (650,000)
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POLB50Y3 (200)


Political Science
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Lecture Two: Sovereignty – January 27, 2011
Founding Myths and Confederation
1. Compact between English and French (Two Nations Theory)
oThose who believe in this support an asymmetrical federalism
oBi-national view
2. Compact between Aboriginals, English, French (Three-Nations Theory)
oTri-national view believe that Aboriginals should have more of a
presence in politics
3. Compact between provinces (Equal Provinces Theory)
oOpposes asymmetrical federalism; wants equal power amongst the
1. Borders of Canada in 1867 are much smaller
2. Most provinces didn't join during 1867; BC 1871; PEI 1873; MA
1870/1881/1912; AL + SK 1905; NL 1949; ON 1867/74/89; QB 1912
3. Alberta/Saskatchewan were separated because there was worry about having
a large province in the West
4. Provinces were given control over resources, except in the West.
5. Newfoundland joined during a time of financial crisis
6. 1867: planned to have a sea-to-sea country (Rupert's Land)
7. Needed a system of government to allow them to integrate new territories
into the country
8. Unique histories/populations made convergence difficult
o QB and Atlantic Canada didn't want to be dominated by Ontario;
Acted as a counter-weight to cause both of them to decide to join
Models of Government
9. Unitary system (British)
oAbsolute power held by one central government
oRegional governments are subordinate to the central
oIn this system, regional governments are mostly for administration
oPower is limited to the central level of government
10. Federal system (America)
oNo supreme level of government
oSovereignty is divided up, resulting in no government being
subordinate to another
oPower is divide between levels of government, but not necessarily
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