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Lecture

Sovereignty

4 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB50Y3
Professor
Cochraine

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Lecture Two: Sovereignty – January 27, 2011
Founding Myths and Confederation
1. Compact between English and French (Two Nations Theory)
oThose who believe in this support an asymmetrical federalism
oBi-national view
2. Compact between Aboriginals, English, French (Three-Nations Theory)
oTri-national view believe that Aboriginals should have more of a
presence in politics
3. Compact between provinces (Equal Provinces Theory)
oOpposes asymmetrical federalism; wants equal power amongst the
provinces
Confederation
1. Borders of Canada in 1867 are much smaller
2. Most provinces didn't join during 1867; BC 1871; PEI 1873; MA
1870/1881/1912; AL + SK 1905; NL 1949; ON 1867/74/89; QB 1912
3. Alberta/Saskatchewan were separated because there was worry about having
a large province in the West
4. Provinces were given control over resources, except in the West.
5. Newfoundland joined during a time of financial crisis
Problems
6. 1867: planned to have a sea-to-sea country (Rupert's Land)
7. Needed a system of government to allow them to integrate new territories
into the country
8. Unique histories/populations made convergence difficult
o QB and Atlantic Canada didn't want to be dominated by Ontario;
Acted as a counter-weight to cause both of them to decide to join
confederation
Models of Government
9. Unitary system (British)
oAbsolute power held by one central government
oRegional governments are subordinate to the central
oIn this system, regional governments are mostly for administration
oPower is limited to the central level of government
10. Federal system (America)
oNo supreme level of government
oSovereignty is divided up, resulting in no government being
subordinate to another
oPower is divide between levels of government, but not necessarily
equally
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Description
Lecture Two: Sovereignty January 27, 2011 Founding Myths and Confederation 1. Compact between English and French (Two Nations Theory) o Those who believe in this support an asymmetrical federalism o Bi-national view 2. Compact between Aboriginals, English, French (Three-Nations Theory) o Tri-national view believe that Aboriginals should have more of a presence in politics 3. Compact between provinces (Equal Provinces Theory) o Opposes asymmetrical federalism; wants equal power amongst the provinces Confederation 1.Borders of Canada in 1867 are much smaller 2.Most provinces didnt join during 1867; BC 1871; PEI 1873; MA 187018811912; AL + SK 1905; NL 1949; ON 18677489; QB 1912 3.AlbertaSaskatchewan were separated because there was worry about having a large province in the West 4.Provinces were given control over resources, except in the West. 5.Newfoundland joined during a time of financial crisis Problems 6.1867: planned to have a sea-to-sea country (Ruperts Land) 7.Needed a system of government to allow them to integrate new territories into the country 8.Unique historiespopulations made convergence difficult o QB and Atlantic Canada didnt want to be dominated by Ontario; Acted as a counter-weight to cause both of them to decide to join confederation Models of Government 9.Unitary system (British) o Absolute power held by one central government o Regional governments are subordinate to the central o In this system, regional governments are mostly for administration o Power is limited to the central level of government 10. Federal system (America) o No supreme level of government o Sovereignty is divided up, resulting in no government being subordinate to another o Power is divide between levels of government, but not necessarily equally www.notesolution.com
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