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Lecture

'Friendly Dictatorship' or Priministerial Power


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB50Y3
Professor
Cochraine

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Lecture Four: ‘Friendly Democracy’ or Prime Ministerial Power – February 17, 2011
Sovereignty in Practice
Sovereignty = Authority
How do you exercise authority?
Types of Regimes
1.Monarchy/Dictatorship
a.Give authority to a monarch/individual
2.Theocracy
a.Give authority to a religious leader/text
3.Aristocracy/Oligarchy
a.Give authority to a group of elites
4.Democracy/Liberal Democracy
a.Give authority to the people
b.Liberal Democracy: clearly defines what decisions the government can
or cannot make a decision on - can only vote on specific things
c.Liberalism > democracy in a liberal democracy; We follow the letter of
the law
d.Classical Democracy: collective decisions based on votes - can vote on
anything
Origins of Democracy
Traced to Athens because of their citizen voting system
oDirect democracy
Direct Democracy through referendum in Canada
oElection held to allow people to decide on a series of issues (ie.
Charlottetown Accord 1992, Electoral reform in Ontario and BC)
Canadian Democratic System
oLiberal Democracy
oRepresentative Democracy
Elected representatives make decisions which they are held
accountable for
Types of Political Authority
Legislative Power
oPower to make laws
Executive Power
oPower to enforce laws
Judicial Power
oPower to interpret laws
Powers can be distributed among different levels, or can be held by one
individual
oLiberal Democracy
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