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CA (630,000)
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POLB50Y3 (200)
Lecture

Legislation and Representation


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB50Y3
Professor
Cochraine

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Lecture Five: Legislative Power and Representation
Review
Democracy: by the people, of the people, for the people (Lincoln)
Do not have direct democracy
oHave representative or indirect democracy
oCanada: Indirect, Indirect democracy
Elect MPs who hold government accountable
We don't really elect those who govern, we elect their check
system
Efficient vs. official government
oCabinet (Efficient)
oHouse of Commons, Queen, Governor General (Official)
Legislature
Bicameral Legislature (Two Houses)
oHouse of Commons ('Lower House')
308 seats
Rep. by population
Elected by population through plurality (more votes
than anyone else)
Areas with more people then have more representation
Confidence chamber
Confidence (Majority plus one) in support of government
required
Can then force out the government
Unique power - The Senate cannot do this
oSenate ('Upper House')
105 seats
Rep. by region
Appointed by Prime Minister
Age requirement of 30 -75 years
Property requirement of $4000 in net property in the province in
which you are representing
Not distributed by province but by region
oBills require three readings in both houses before they can become law
Bill "c" - started in House of Commons
Bill "s" - started in Senate
Supply bills have to be put forth in the House of Commons -
otherwise it doesn't matter
Public bills: Introduced and sponsored by the government
Private bills: introduced and sponsored by individual MPs
oReadings (Aka Stages)
Stage 1: Announcement
Basic principles
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