Canadian Politics in Review

50 views2 pages
Published on 9 Apr 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Political Science
Course
POLB50Y3
Professor
Lecture Ten: Canadian Politics in Review – April 7, 2011
Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Power
Executive Power
oChecks and Balances - US
Non-interference of the state in individual lives
People need to be protected from the government
Freedom vs. order: No Harm principle
Scepticism of human nature: Hope for the best but expect the
worst
oFusion of Powers - Canada
Constitutional Convention
Responsible Government
Accountability flows from the bottom to the top; power
flows the other way
Confidence and the Confidence Chamber
Formal vs. Political Executive
Administration vs. Government
Agencies of the PMO and PCO
Prime Minister's Office: make the PM look good/get
elected again
Privy Council Office: serves the government; non-
partisan
Legislative Power
oBicameral Legislature (Two houses)
House of Commons (Lower House/ Confidence Chamber)
308 seats/308 constituencies
MPs elected
Representation by population
The Senate (Upper House)
105 Senators
Appointed by PM
Not a Confidence Chamber
oBills must pass three readings in BOTH houses to pass
oPM Power - appointment of Cabinet/Senate
oModels of Representation:
Delegate Model
MP does what the constituency tells them to
Trustee Model
MP does what is best for constituency
Descriptive Model
Represented by shared physical traits
oParty Discipline
Free votes vs. Whipping
Liberal Democracy
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