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Lecture 2

POLB50Y3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Legislature, Social Movement

Political Science
Course Code
Christopher Cochrane

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Lecture 2 September 20th 2012 POLB50
- Why people vote in different ways?
- Normative beliefs, analytical beliefs
- Western countries never experience threat from foreign countries
- Should Canadian restrict green house gases to promote markets?
Greenhouse gases increase global warming analytical belief
If greenhouse gases is restrict, the political economy if it is limited
Should we think about people jobs or the environment?
- Tax payers pay for Canadian student tuition
- Why can’t we choose our own health care providers?
- Sometimes issues come up and we have to make a final decision to it. There has to be a
collective decision.
You can influence collective decision
- Virtually every issue is partly political
- What should be or should not be a political issue?
- Opinions draw the line on what should or should not be political. Example, a man hitting his wife
or parents hitting their children. This overtime became a political issue.
- Power is a key concept in political science
- Politics is a pursue of power
- 1900- The probability of one actor with a good social relationship who’s in a good position will
have power.
One actor will get what they want
Children try to pursue power. Example, children try to refuse what to eat from parents.
- How to get power?
Coercion An agent who is able to impose anything by punishment or threat (ex.
military intervention, Wars)
Legitimacy people who can impose rules on people because the people think it is right.
Authority is legitimate power. (It is right to follow the law) Legitimacy is imposed in the
- How do we limit authority?
- There are 3 kinds of government power
1. Legislative power the power to create laws
2. Executive power- the power to enforce the laws
3. Judicial power- the power to interpret the laws
- These powers will sword and judge respectively.
- These powers are the state or might be the state
- If you create a government that is too weak or too strong, we get problems
- Authority has a certain boundary
We do not have to say or do whatever the police tell us to do.
- Government doesn’t exist in a vacuum
- Government exist as a web of connections of people
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