POLB50Y3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Legislature, Social Movement
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Lecture 2 – September 20th 2012 – POLB50
- Why people vote in different ways?
- Normative beliefs, analytical beliefs
- Western countries never experience threat from foreign countries
- Should Canadian restrict green house gases to promote markets?
Greenhouse gases increase global warming – analytical belief
If greenhouse gases is restrict, the political economy if it is limited
Should we think about people jobs or the environment?
- Tax payers pay for Canadian student tuition
- Why can’t we choose our own health care providers?
- Sometimes issues come up and we have to make a final decision to it. There has to be a
You can influence collective decision
- Virtually every issue is partly political
- What should be or should not be a political issue?
- Opinions draw the line on what should or should not be political. Example, a man hitting his wife
or parents hitting their children. This overtime became a political issue.
- Power is a key concept in political science
- Politics is a pursue of power
- 1900- The probability of one actor with a good social relationship who’s in a good position will
One actor will get what they want
Children try to pursue power. Example, children try to refuse what to eat from parents.
- How to get power?
Coercion – An agent who is able to impose anything by punishment or threat (ex.
military intervention, Wars)
Legitimacy – people who can impose rules on people because the people think it is right.
Authority is legitimate power. (It is right to follow the law) Legitimacy is imposed in the
- How do we limit authority?
- There are 3 kinds of government power
1. Legislative power – the power to create laws
2. Executive power- the power to enforce the laws
3. Judicial power- the power to interpret the laws
- These powers will sword and judge respectively.
- These powers are the state or might be the state
- If you create a government that is too weak or too strong, we get problems
- Authority has a certain boundary
We do not have to say or do whatever the police tell us to do.
- Government doesn’t exist in a vacuum
- Government exist as a web of connections of people
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