POLB80H3 Lecture Notes - Peloponnesian War, Security Dilemma, Kenneth Waltz

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Thomas hobbes (state of nature and state of war) *men by nature are equal: men have same aspirations and desires, as well as the equal ability to obtain what they need. *however, if both men desire same thing cannot both enjoy - they become enemies. *diffidence (mistrustful): this also translates to the efforts of trying to subdue or destroy the other in order to achieve ones end. *he noted that an invader has nothing to fear than another man"s power. What controls state behaviour is desire to have power to control - also what causes states to interact. *generally man is good - eveyrone pursues what they need. *resources not always enough - strength deciding factor. *"the leviathan" - sqeueezes out anarchic nature of our world. Power is an end in and of itself. Kenneth waltz (the origins of war in neorealist theory) *maintains assumptions of realism but views means and ends differently as causes/effects.

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