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POLB81H3 Lecture Notes - Arms Control, Cultural Globalization, Definitions Of Politicide

Political Science
Course Code
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto

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Week#6 Modern Conflict
Slide 2 :
The report is an instance of collective security because they are trying to get all nations
to work together to secure a particular region.
Identifying aggressors
Collective security: the notion that everybody gets together to stop an aggressor, an
adaptation because its usually for inter-state conflict ;
Now were adapting it to non-state violence; Hezbelloa is not a state with territory;
Linkage of Conflicts; status quo: really has to do with civil war going in Syria, Hezbolla in
Lebanon, which has a real complex relationship with this place.
You cant just deal with Hezbolla independently, there are ramifications for other conflicts
What is going to happen to the ASAD regime, when it falls?
A good of example of interstate and transnational conflicts: key defining feature of
modern conflict
Intra-state: within the states, like civil wars
Transnational conflict: goes beyond boarders of a nation
Difference interstate: state actors, but transnational deals with non state actors
Hezbolla : acts of terrorism , however they are more complex , they run all these
different social programs ;
Ramifications of identifying someone as a terrorist , Lebanon , What EU would do in
terms of its own security ,
Defining Terrorism: fluid relationships ( actors are not always in conflict, or they maybe
in conflict up-down lead)
Assymetric : two things that don’t look the same , a lot of thse conflicts we talk about is
asymmetric conflicts ( powerful groups against the weak)
Slide 3
Interstate : Traditional
Tools to deal with this : WAR(realist), collective security(liberal) , diplomacy(liberal),
balance of power(realist) Deterence(Realist), Arms control(
Intrastate is war between states (type of actor involved)
Do such tools work well , to solve such a problem ?
Collective security is a tough one or would have to be significantly adopted. Classic
collective security, has there eve been : one case history where collective security and
that was GULF WAR 1991. UN WAS set up to do this : but if one of them attacks another
country , there is no collective security.
The west is infintley more powerful than terrorist organizations , but BOP doesn’t helpt to
manage the conflict ;
Deterrence : the key logic is that you threaten a large response to attack , be credible in
your threat ; if you attack me .. I will respond with overwhelming force. How can you
calculate deterrence , really heavily identifying an aggressor , heavily tied to territory.
Tied to the idea that you can punish the correct actor.
Transnational and Intrastate and transnationalism : Modern ( non-state actors or
them fighting with each other )
Slide 8
Mass genoicide and politicide : this is what modern conflict , this is the kind of conflicts
the world is facing ; Were not worried about intrastate , its more
Terrorism and Genocide
Defining terrorism : non-state actors , with political violence, usually but not always at
directed at non-combattants
Geared towards a larger audience ( to instill fear in broader population) ,
Causes of Terrorism : Terrorism has been around since theres been states , early 19th
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