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Lecture 3

POLB81H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: World Social Forum, World Economic Forum, Security Dilemma


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB81H3
Professor
M.Hoffmann- Universityof Toronto
Lecture
3

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POLB81 Lecture 3 Jan 21st 2012
World Economic Forum: Article on this website
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/19/world/europe/19iht-
letter19.html?ref=worldeconomicforum&_r=0
This article is an instant of Institutionalism because different states come
together to talk about the global issues. They’re talking to the leaders of IMF
and their reconstruction of their policies. It’s an instant of institutionalism of
global governance to keep economics stable. States are having trust in their
institutions to make the rules. The states have given the IMF the authority to
deal with issues. Elites and expertise are the IMF experts on economic stability.
It’s very relevant.
There’s also an opposition group. It could be an instant of transnationalism of
private actors which tries to influence global governance.
Third instant is conflict of tools and purposes within global governance. We
have to remember that global governance is a political set of dynamics. Youre
policies are going to conflict. People will see these regulations and they’re going
to push their incentives too. IMF might be hurting the people and helping global
banks. There are lobbying groups to stop IMF to grow.
Transnationalism: is the expansion of different actors and agenda. It is not only states
which create international interactions, but also public and private actors. (Ex. NGOs
Oxfam, WWF.)
Purpose: depending upon the kind of actor or specific actor. You can see a
diversity of perspective. Some actors are working on solving problems. Other
actors are looking to transform the system. There’s a duel transaction.
o WWF example looks to developing the convention of international
trade on animal species. They’re looking to solve problems and influence
states to work on changes. States are influence international
organizations to help environmental problems.
o Some NGOs want to transform global governance to move away from
capitalism by:
1. Affect other forms of Governance.
2. Make Rules themselves.
Transnationalism: purpose: problem solving -> other governments or own rules/
transformation. The problems of transnationalism are larger common goals or specific
goals dealing with specific populations. The problem is broader because of bigger actors
and multiple problems that are crossing borders, above the states, below states, and
between states.
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