POLB81 – Lecture 6 – February 11th 2012.
Global Governance Forum
Article on Europeans Await Report on Bus Blast in Bulgaria
o This is an instant of collective security ad identifying the aggressors. Hezbollah is
a non-state actor. Collective security is adapting to non-state violence.
o This is an instant of linkage of conflicts of the civil war which drags on in Syria.
Hezbollah is a significant actor in Lebanon which borders Syria. You can’t just
deal with Hezbollah independently. If they call Hezbollah a terrorist, what is
going happen? Intrastate conflict. There’s a linkage of conflicts between
transnational and intrastate conflict.
Intrastate conflict – Conflict taking place within the state boundaries.
Transnational conflict – Goes beyond the borders of a nation also like
intrastate conflict but the difference is that intrastate conflict are state
actors in conflict. Transnational involves non-state actors. (Ex. Of
transnational conflicts: genocide, ethnic conflict,)
Three different kinds of modern conflict. Transnational, intrastate,
o This is an instant of defining terrorism. Who gets to decide whether a group is a
terrorist or who gets to define terrorism? This is an instant of how complex this
notion of who is the terrorist. In Lebanon, they run social programs. What are
the ramifications not only of linkage of conflicts but for the people in Lebanon? If
European Union labels them as terrorist and what it will do? If they say they’re
terrorist, this changes how the states react to these terrorist groups.
o There are fluid relationships that not among states. Actors that are in conflict are
not going to be in conflict all the time or use to not be in conflict. You are dealing
with different kinds of actors (Asymmetrical which means you’re dealing with
states and other kinds of actors. A asymmetrical warfare are powerful group
against weak group)
Modern Conflict – What’s the Problem?
Modern and Traditional Conflict
o Interstate conflict – war between states. To deal with this we need collective
security of the liberal theory of international relations also Diplomacy.
Realist would solve problems by balance of power (BOP), external
balancing – alliances. Also deterrence, arms control. We have a set of
define tools for dealing with this traditional conflict.
We sort of know what problem is and what kind of tools we can use.