Domestic Power Structures and Development
I. Course Intro.
II. State Power
III. Markets, Democracy and Development
I. Course Introduction
[see syllabus under “Course Information” on web page]
II. State and Society
A major determinant of development strategies and outcomes is the character of the state,
and the domestic power structures and political coalitions underpinning it.
Domestic Power structures & Development
A major determinant of development strategies and outcomes is the character of the state
and the domestic power structures & political coalitions underpinning it.
Types of State Power:
1. Despotic Power: the power to control and suppress (global south)
2. Infrastructural Power: the power to administer and transform (global north)
Goods of despotic power:
-state borders and institutions w ere imposed by colonial rulers (by force etc, leaving state
violence working with local military etc, very weak in international power, the state was
very present in the city but not the country are, local rulers had to get the worst done)
-Strong despotic/ coercive power but at the same time weak infrastructural or
transformative power (inability & tax your citizen- weak admin power)
-purpose and point of colonial rule was extractive raw materials than development
-power structure of the colonial state were entrenched by ruling elites after independence
to serve their own interest.
1982- rise of neoliberalism P.O.V. came with the change to democracy 7 the market force
with free trade.
III. Markets, Democracy and Developments
Mainstream View: there is a natural affinity between free markets and free politics.e.g.
Milton friedman of university of Chicago stated that once you open your market
democracy will have to follow. There has never been a democracy without an open