lecture 5

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Published on 12 Feb 2012
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LECTURE 5:
Democratization and Development
OUTLINE:
I. Democracy Defined
II. Transitions to Democracy
III. Democracy and Development
IV. Democracy and Market Reform
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I. Democracy Defined
- Different processes that countries go through:
Political Liberalization:
- Democratic transitions, the reform of authoritarianism, and the expansion of basic
freedoms
Democratic Consolidation:
- The entrenchment of democratic institutions, practices, and values in society
Criteria for Democracy
Liberal Democracy: a democracy that not only has free and fair elections, but also
respects civil liberties and upholds basic freedoms, inclusive citizenship open to all not
pending on literacy, rule of law prevails, citizen control over the agenda and military
Electoral Democracy: a democracy that holds relatively fair, contested elections with near
universal suffrage on a regular basis
Social Democracy: a democracy that not only offers fair elections and upholds basic civil
and political liberties but also extends basic social and economic rights
Prerequisites for Democracy
- 3 key factors
- Social and economic modernization: there is a correlation between economic
development and democracy, rate of literacy, per capita income, free press
- Class structure: there is a correlation between the presence of a large and vibrant
middle class and democracy, checks use of executive power, organize pressure to
disperse poor
- Political culture: a correlation between cultural norms and values relating to
politics and democracy, toleration, bargaining and compromise
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Document Summary

Democratic transitions, the reform of authoritarianism, and the expansion of basic freedoms. The entrenchment of democratic institutions, practices, and values in society. Electoral democracy: a democracy that holds relatively fair, contested elections with near universal suffrage on a regular basis. Social democracy: a democracy that not only offers fair elections and upholds basic civil and political liberties but also extends basic social and economic rights. Social and economic modernization: there is a correlation between economic development and democracy, rate of literacy, per capita income, free press. Class structure: there is a correlation between the presence of a large and vibrant middle class and democracy, checks use of executive power, organize pressure to disperse poor. Political culture: a correlation between cultural norms and values relating to politics and democracy, toleration, bargaining and compromise. The widespread transition from authoritarian to democratic government that has taken place in the third world and eastern europe since the mid 1970s.

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