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Lecture

Lecture Notes


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB92H3
Professor
Lucan Way

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LECTURE 5
Communism and Solidarity in Eastern Europe
Class stuff
Midterm next week
List of study terms online
Main topics:
Definitions of democracy/authoritarianism
Levitsky/Way
Sources of democracy/authoritarianism
Structural
Oil
Culture
Voluntarist
Leadership Fish article on Mongolia
Institutional design Linz article
International
Snowballing/demonstration effect
Spread of communication/global balance of
power
Communist Europe/Totalitarianism
Demands active support of population as opposed to passive
consent
Attempt to control what people believe
Constant mobilization
The regime doesnt just care about active opposition, but wants
to control what you actually think
Seeks to control thoughts and beliefs and every aspect of your
private life
Very different from most contemporary authoritarian regimes
No independent civil society
Banning of any form of independent organization, even non-
political chess clubs
State control over economy
No economic actors independent of state
State controlled prices
Wasnt a question of supply and demand
Prices create supply and demand
The state determined the prices which created all sorts
of problems
The state required you to work, the state would give you a job
Upon graduation, the state would assign you a job
Shortages
www.notesolution.com

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No private market
Ideology plays powerful role:
Central to regime
Most authoritarian regime there is really no salient ideologies
Behavior that cannot be explained by the desire to remain in
power
Soviet Union's ideology:
Rapid Industrialization
Rationale for the regime
Promise to transform an agricultural country to
an industrialized country
Terror
Random
Meant that nobody was safe, even if you were a die hard
supporter of the regimes, you were still vulnerable to repression
Character of Terror
Random
Focused on elite everyone vulnerable even wife of a Politburo
member
Show trials
Elaborate plots revealed
Top officials admit to being British spies
Communist Takeover
W.W. II
Yalta and Potsdam conferences at end of war
Soviet controlled Polish government recognized
Focus on industrial investment rather than consumer
goods
All the resources of the regime were on building
large industrial factories
USSR extracts resources from population
Stalinism in Eastern Europe 1947-1953
Little Stalins in Eastern Europe
Leaders who mimicked Stalin
Mátyás Rákosi in Hungary 1949-1956
Stalins Best Pupil
Purge of non-Communist elements
Show trials against Communist leaders
2,000 executed, 100,000 imprisoned
End of Stalinism
Khrushchevs Secret Speech February 1956
www.notesolution.com
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