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Lecture

Lecture Notes


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB92H3
Professor
Lucan Way

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Lecture 2
Democracy
Three sets of concepts
1.Dependent and independent variables
2.Structural versus voluntarist explanations
3.State, Regime, Government
Dependent and Independent variable
oDependent variable
What you are trying to explain the puzzle
Any kind of outcome
oThe death of John Kennedy
oDemocracy
oRevolution
oTerrorism
oAuthoritarianism
oEthnic violence
Ways of classifying different explanations:
oStructural explanation:
impossible for any individual to alter
very predictable
limited number of possible outcomes
nothing random
oVoluntarist explanation:
depends on the action of a particular individual or random
event
unpredictable
any outcome possible
State
oA set of permanent administrative, legal, bureaucratic and coercive
systems that possess a monopoly over all legitimate forms of coercion in a
given territory
oAnything that any part of the government that is publically funded
and more less permanent is what we call the state; it does not change
The police
The military
Welfare office
Regime
oThe set of rules by which political power is gained and allocated
Democracy/Elections
Heredity
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Possession of the largest gun
Government
oThe group of people who are in power at a given time
oWho happens to be in power at a particular moment
oNot permanent
oFunction of an election
George Bush
Stephen Harper
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Regime, state, or government?
oLaws dictating who may run for office
Regime
oThe courts
State (relatively permanent)
oPeter MacKay
Government (minister of finance)
oRCMP
State
oSaddam Hussein
State-has so much family all over the places that he has power
through family members
oThe state is not an autonomous entity that for example
when a new mayor comes to power the army does not change
radically, but in Iraq, Saddam Hussein has connections and
control to everything as it is all linked
Government- main person in power
Regime- goes by his rules because he established it
oWhatever he wanted he received
Definitions of Democracy
oSubstantive/Radical
oProcedural
oMinimalist
Substantive/radical
oFocus on particular OUTCOMES
oWhere you see democracy as a desire of particular outcomes
Economic equality
oSoviet Union leaders would claim they were the most
democratic even though they had weak civil liberties but they had
enormous economic equality
High Participation
oEverybody participates in democracy and everybody is
included in town hall meetings
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