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October 6

Political Science
Course Code
Ingrid L.Stefanovic

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October 6th, 2010
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x The poor generally are harmed the most
x What explains the decline: economic, institutional and cultural
x Inflation was a big problem in brazil
x Brazil had a larger share in the economy. A lot of companies that would be owned by
x Judiciary are more aggressive
x Education is increasing and it is changing
x Many people are learning more about different cultures
x Media and advertisements play a huge role in educating the public
x Connecting corruption and clientelism
x While no two places are the same, these practices plague many, if not most, developing
x People used to believe that clientelism and corruption are normal in poor places, and that they
would eventually grow out of it, but it may be the case that corruption prevents countries from
developing both economically and politically.
x Clientelism: a personal attraction between a politician and voter
x Patronage and gift giving
x Bribes
x Causes: poverty, public sector employees being underpaid, lack of education, poor enforcement,
culture/history, greed, one party always in office, poor resource distribution, inequality and
voting for individuals rather than parties, inefficiency
x Solutions: change laws/institution, change party in power, term limits for people in power,
outside help
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