Lecutre 04 Notes - Democracy
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Democracy & Communism
3) Fear & Love
5) Why Government?
6) Representative Problems
PUTNEY: Ireton vs. Rainsborough
•Civil vs. Natural
•The king is being held captive and on the verge of being overthrown
oTroopers say “We are here to arrest you”
oKing says “Where is your warrant?”
oTrooper points at gunmen behind him and says “That’s my warrant”
•What happens when the King is overthrown?
•The way Parliament ruled was very similar to the way the King ruled; arbitrarily – without law
oThe guys at Putney disagree and begin an argument Those who actually did all the
oWe fought for this, but we got screwed was the mentality
oAgreement of the People is written by the Levellers
oSupreme power comes from the People; not Kings, Lords, Business, etc.
•Only just form of governance comes from The People (every man)
3) Fear & Love
•You can rule through either Fear or Love
•In the past it used to be the King employed “the old rule” (fear) they obeyed due to fear of
having their head chopped off
•Now they believe that rule should be done so out of Love
•In today’s society there is a mix of both
•Parliament is a reflection of the People
•Parliament can represent the people if they can reflect their needs
•The representative is only an image (shadow) BUT not the people itself keeping in mind that
the power is within the people
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