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Lecture 12

Lecture 12 - Hume, Burke & Constant (Conservative & Liberal Reactions to Revolution)

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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLC71H3
Professor
Stefan Dolgert

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Lecture 12
Hume, Burke, & Constant (Conservative & Liberal Reactions to Revolution)
FINAL
On the 27th
Continuing past Rousseau and the 1800s, there are two giant subjects not covered
Women beginning to call for representation
Starting from the 19th century this change in women movement began
Structures and a form of patriarchy places a burden on a women (childcare, homecare, glass
ceiling)
Colonialism & Racism European expansion starting from the 1500s
This has had reverberation to this day; West considered superior to other civilizations
David Hume
Scottish British philosopher
Known as a philosophical skeptic
He is concerned with contractarion thinking (Locke, Hobbes & Rousseau); considered radical
thinking
oCan be seen with Locke and the notion of contract between society and government
oWe will always be in threat of anarchy people will say they dont like whats going on
in society and simply leave/form their own government
oThis is due to natural rights
oThis is a recipe for anarchy & disaster
oThere is no original contract that founds our government according to Hume
oYou have to obey the rules without really ever being part of a contract
oWe simply live by the rules that already exist
oThe basis for government: a government came in a long time ago (through conquest or
usurpation); its pretty messy business but thats not a real problem. Through time, certain
political traditions establish.
oThings change very gradually, but not through revolution. Rather its through evolution.
Take Canada as an example.
oLeads to civil war, anarchy and bloodshed (revolution)
oTheres no philosophical reason for social contracts
oHumes criticizes Locke and says it is a fantasy/fable
oHume provides a much more conservative doctrine what we should be doing in our
day to day politics is to conserve the traditions we already have; having a revolution every
few years is not the way to go
Burke
Father of modern conservatism
His writings against the French Revolution (one year after the Revolution begins); foresees what
might happen
British politician of Irish decent
He agrees with Hume that there is no original contract
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 12 Hume, Burke, & Constant (Conservative & Liberal Reactions to Revolution) FINAL th On the 27 Continuing past Rousseau and the 1800s, there are two giant subjects not covered Women beginning to call for representation Starting from the 19 century this change in women movement began Structures and a form of patriarchy places a burden on a women (childcare, homecare, glass ceiling) Colonialism & Racism European expansion starting from the 1500s This has had reverberation to this day; West considered superior to other civilizations David Hume Scottish British philosopher Known as a philosophical skeptic He is concerned with contractarion thinking (Locke, Hobbes & Rousseau); considered radical thinking o Can be seen with Locke and the notion of contract between society and government o We will always be in threat of anarchy people will say they dont like whats going on in society and simply leaveform their own government o This is due to natural rights o This is a recipe for anarchy & disaster o There is no original contract that founds our government according to Hume
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