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Lecture

March 22 Lecture - Rousseau II

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLC71H3
Professor
Stefan Dolgert

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POLB71 March 22, 2011
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
1. Slavery
Rousseau is indebted to the ancients (i.e. Plato and Aristotle)
-Rousseau says to look at the world around and what you see are people who are
naturally born free but now we are NOT free for the basic reason that we do not
govern ourselves
oMoral liberty is the freedom to give laws to ourselves (autonomy self
law/rule)
-We can still vote for our government thats giving a law to ourselves
Rousseau If you think youre governing yourselves, you are even more enslaved
- Make yourself even more un-free having representatives doesnt make you free
-Slavery also comes from not listening to your reason (i.e. Platos hierarchy of the
soul)
oYou listen to your appetites/passions instead
-Plato to be governed by our beastly appetites, were slaves governed by impulse
1.External Slavery Governed by laws of others
2. Internal Slavery Governed by appetites/passions, rather than reason a lot of us
are governed by this
Rousseau Consumer culture is an example of feeding our appetites
-Disturbs our perception that everything around us is real
oPoints us to another idea of what we can be as humans
2. The Sovereign
Rousseau shows us if it is possible for there to be a just social order in which we exercise
moral freedom
- Might doesnt make right (stronger people/nations dont get to govern)
oWe do need a first compact/convention a unanimous agreement because
unless you have first basic unanimous compact, you cant justify majority rule
after that
The Sovereign is not the government/king; it is the collective body of the people
-Sovereign is nothing but all of us together (if there is a justified political authority)
oEveryone includes all adult males capable of rationality
-If were uniting together in a group and give up all of our rights to the group as a
whole, we actually get more than we give
oSovereign is the exercise of the general will all of us together make the
rules by which we should live
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Description
POLB71 March 22, 2011 Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1. Slavery Rousseau is indebted to the ancients (i.e. Plato and Aristotle) - Rousseau says to look at the world around and what you see are people who are naturally born free but now we are NOT free for the basic reason that we do not govern ourselves o Moral liberty is the freedom to give laws to ourselves (autonomy self lawrule) - We can still vote for our government thats giving a law to ourselves Rousseau If you think youre governing yourselves, you are even more enslaved - Make yourself even more un-free having representatives doesnt make you free - Slavery also comes from not listening to your reason (i.e. Platos hierarchy of the soul) o You listen to your appetitespassions instead - Plato to be governed by our beastly appetites, were slaves governed by impulse 1. External Slavery Governed by laws of others 2. Internal Slavery Governed by appetitespassions, rather than reason a lot of us are governed by this Rousseau Consumer culture is
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