POLC90H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Neocolonialism, Eurocentrism

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27 Feb 2013
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Lecture 7 POLC90 February 26 2013 Prof. Rice
Post development theory
1. Assumptions
2. Descriptions of Change
3. Contributions and criticisms
4. The Question of alternatives
"The idea of development stands like a rain in the intellectual landscape" - W. Sachs 1992, development
is a problem not a solution
"That is no grounds for pessimism; much can grow on and out of a ruin. Past errors as well achievements
contribute to current learning" - R. Chambers 1997,
Critical theory:
- oriented towards critiquing and changing society as a whole, rather than only trying to understand or
explain it
Characteristics:
a) Reflexive, recognizes that western society is only 1 possible form
b) Understand knowledge as power, development discourse, the language, is power over the south
c) Decentering: it is from the point of view of those who have been marginalized
d) Transdisiciplinary: cross over literature; cultural studies, women's studies
e) Subversive: challenge accepted wisdom
1. Assumptions
Post development theory
Arturo Escobar (1995) "Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World"
- That before outsiders came to Colombia, there was no poverty and no need for development, external
norms and expectations created a view that the south needed help
PDT suggests that "development" has helped discorporate large areas of the globe into a northern
dominated, economic + political system, which has destroyed indigenous
Cultures, threatened the environment, and created feelings of inferiorities among people in the global
south
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