POLC99H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Neoliberalism

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29 Mar 2012
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Neoliberalism:
Six pillars of exclusion:
1) Lack of access to labor markets
2) Inadequate number of jobs
3) Lack of access to good quality jobs
4) Reduce access to social services
5) Lack of access to the means of production e.g. land, capital
6) Incapacity of households to meet their basic needs
The Assault on organize labor:
- Public employees and industrial sector employees
- Argentina: high unemployment rate
Options of organize labor in the neoliberal era:
1) Resort to defensive and reactionary behavior : maintain minimal rights and concessions
2) To develop a social pact: a process of social negotiation and compromise between government
and organize labor (e.g. job security guarantees, pension funds) in exchange for labor support
for the government’s neoliberal policies
3) Turn toward social movement unionism: e.g. work with other affected social sectors in the
struggle against neoliberalism and in the search for alternatives
The New Protest coalition:
The first wave of protest (1970-1980):
- Follow the shift from the state development model
- Took the form of IMF riots
- Highly correlated with urbanization and unionization
- Example: Peru in 1976. Issue related to food, fuel and education cost.
- Example: Dominican Republic (1984), issued related to food cost, medicine
- Example: Venezuela issued related to transportation cost
- Impact of the first wave:
- Protestors won the day
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