POLC99 Lecture 5 – February 1
-Implies that movement participants suffer from psychological abnormalities.
-Suggests a simple and direct relation between conflict and action.
-Views social movements as individualistic made up of individuals rather than
Resource Mobilization Model (Strategy-based Approach)
Focuses on the internal organizational life of movements and the ways in which
they mobilize resources for their emergence and success.
-Social movement formation requires input of resources from an external
group. Church groups, NGOs can give resources, leadership/organizational
skills, and know-how. That enables them to form a social movement.
-Social movements are collections of political actors dedicated to the
advancement of their stated goals. They are inherently political; it removes
any trace of abnormality. They are rational, committed and part of politics.
Any pathology is removed.
-Social movement outcomes are a product of specific decisions, tactics, and
strategies adopted by the actors involved. They can control the outcome based
on their perception of a situation and how they react to it.
-Fails to adequately define “resources” and how to measure that. Why would
outsiders be interested din fomenting their social movement?
-It overlooks the crucial importance of local skills and resources and the
capabilities of the poor. They don’t need an input of resources from the
Political Process Model (Political Opportunity Structure Approach)
Focuses on political variable in the movement’s environment and the way they
shape or constrain movement formation and success. Charles Tilly and Sidney
Tarrow. Political institutions (channels) of representation. Levels of repression can
stop a movement from forming
-Social actors are either inside or outside the policy. Those inside resist
change and those outside tend to push for change. It’s very political.
-Popular sector groups are able to generate and sustain organized mass
action. The political context constrains them, and the political context is not