The politics of the rural dispossessed: ecuador + bolivia. The indigenous question : the debate over the special political and socio- economic rights that should be granted to indigenous peoples citizens of nation- states. Special autonomy of self-determination for indigenous communities. Social capital: unions are on the decrease; indigenous people have a great reserve of social capital to mobilize people. Autonomy in participation : a combination of protest and electoral politics as a means of advancing a group"s agenda. In 1999 they had a referendum in guatemala to include indigenous rights into the constitution. Not very happy with the workers party in brazil. Pachakutik party in 2002 with lucio gutierrez worked with indigenous movements to overthrow a corrupt government. Suddenly turned back on indigenous people and signed a number of imf agreements. Pros and cons of participating in elections for indigenous peoples. Mobilizing on multiple fronts is highly effective.