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Lecture

Lecture 3

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLD52H3
Professor
Susan Solomon

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September 28
th
, 2010
-Shklar found that it is not that easy to get away from political evil
Why should I obey the state?
1. it useful to obey the state; you live here and living here affords you some benefits
2. There are sanctions for disobedience
3. creates caous in society
4. you agree to obey the state; unspoken consent (taside consent)
5. We obey the state because it is a natural law
6. My obedience is unforced. The state that I’m obeying does good for its citizens
How long do I give the state to repair itself?
-we owe obligation to the laws that the state makes
-for Shklar political obligation is reasoned
-for Shklar political loyalty is emotional, not primarily rational; not governed by rules, its
governed by sentimate
-conflicting loyalties: loyal to your family and loyal to a group and they are deeply
conflicted
-there is tension between political loyalty and political obligation, but the also work
together; example. Obligated and loyal to Canada
-Hirschman builds the argument by thinking of the term exit and the term of voice, uses
logical reasoning, he thinks under what conditions they operate on, thinking deductively
-Shklar wants to think about cases of individuals who were caught in political obligation
and political loyalty, uses an inductive approach
-Shklar thought Drifus was crazy, you owe obedience if you think the state is doing good,
but Drifus was betrayed by the state, Drifus had loyalty to France; his loyalty outran his
obligation, her real anger was towards the French state who betrayed him
-Many Japanese Americans during World War 2 swore allegiance because they had no
other choice and fought with the Americans, but America put them in internment camps,
Shklar felt that there obligation was cancelled out because the state betrayed them, yet the
Japanese Americans still swore allegiance because they had no choice
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Description
September 28 , 2010 -Shklar found that it is not that easy to get away from political evil Why should I obey the state? 1. it useful to obey the state; you live here and living here affords you some benefits 2. There are sanctions for disobedience 3. creates caous in society 4. you agree to obey the state; unspoken consent (taside consent) 5. We obey the state because it is a natural law 6. My obedience is unforced. The state that Im obeying does good for its citizens How long do I give the state to repair itself? -we owe obligation to the laws that the state makes -for Shklar political obligation is reasoned -for Shklar political loyalty is emotional, not primarily rational; not governed by rules, its governed by sentimate -conflicting loyalties: loyal to your family and loyal to a group and they are deeply conflicted -there is tension between political loyalty and political obligation, but the also work together; example. Obligated
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