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-the measurement of social memory is difficult to do and raises the question of what
social memory is
Why would people choose to return if they have suffered?
-prior to 1933, Jews were well integrated in the German society
-Nazi’s passed a law for the restoration for the professional civil service
-used to force the dismissal for Jewish doctors, lawyers, etc
-all these positions were closed to Jews and only open to Arians
-laws forbade marriages between Jews and Arians
-public spaces became dangerous places
-after crystal night, any hesitation that Jews had that this could turn around was forgotten
and realized it was in their best interest to leave
-During 1941-1943 Jews were sent to camps, where they were starved to death or worked
to death and tortured; this is forced migration
-the 5 women returned after being exiled to Germany
-they are going home to a socialist and communist Germany where they felt they could
-they discovered: as far as the GDR was concerned, there were no more Nazi’s
-they were stigmatized because they spent time in the West
How did their identity changed when they got home?
-they never felt they were leaving Germany for good
-women and men had different feelings about leaving and returning. Men more political
and job related, women more emotional and family related
-why is it important that these women are interested in nature?
-she never felt German or American; she was a hybrid person
-She doesn’t feel American; she wanted to stay as far away from politics as possible
because they reminded her of what things had been like in Germany
-she felt she couldn’t get away from her land of birth, so she returned
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