POLD89H3 Lecture Notes - Social Democracy, Economic System, Hard Power

22 views4 pages
15 Apr 2012
Wk 2 POLA84
International system is in a constant state of anarchy
The only truly important actor in the international system is the state
All state are sovereign; hence on one else but the state can come to some kind of arrangements
with other states
Black's Law Dictionary (Sixth Edition)
The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which any independent state is governed; supreme political
authority; the supreme will; paramount control of the constitution and frame of government and its
administration; the self-sufficient source of political power, from which all specific political powers are derived; the
international independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without
foreign dictation; also a political society, or state, which is sovereign and independent.
The power to do everything in a state without accountability, --to make laws, to execute and to apply them, to
impose and collect taxes and levy contributions, to make war or peace, to form treaties of alliance or of commerce
with foreign nations, and the like.
Sovereignty in government is that public authority which directs or orders what is to be done by each member
associated in relation to the end of the association. It is the supreme power by which any citizen is governed and is
the person or body of persons in the state to whom there is politically no superior.
The necessary existence of the state and that right and power which necessarily follow is "sovereignty." By
"sovereignty" in its largest sense is meant supreme, absolute, uncontrollable power, the absolute right to govern.
The word which by itself comes nearest to being the definition of "sovereignty" is will or volition as applied to
political affairs.
Bouvier's Law Dictionary (1856 Edition)
SOVEREIGN STATE. One which governs itself independently of any foreign power.
SOVEREIGNTY. The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state; it is a combination of all power; it
is the power to do everything in a state without accountability; to make laws, to execute and to apply them: to
impose and collect taxes, and, levy, contributions; to make war or peace; to form treaties of alliance or of
commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story on the Const. §207.
2. Abstractedly, sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people. But these powers are
generally exercised by delegation.
3. When analyzed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive,
and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old; the second is the
power to execute the laws both at home and abroad; and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts;
to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.