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Lecture 3

POLB50 Lecture 3.pdf

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Political Science
Christopher Cochrane

POLB50 Lecture 3 September-27-12 3:10 PM Cue Column: Note-TakingArea: Previous lecture continuation • Marxist argument: ○ Welfare at home; military abroad ○ Gov'ts protect themselves • Political behaviour approach ○ Human motivation; psychology • Classic research in psych ○ Differential to authority ○ How matters to politics: people told what to do • Rational choice theory ○ Application of microeconomics to politics Lecture 3 - Canada development • Canada has access to northern islands? Debate • Boundaries have changed over time ○ Quebec was small at Confederation ○ Acquired more land ○ Debate: if left Canada, would they leave with acquired land after Confederation • What to do with NWT? ○ Protestants - English; Quebecers- French ○ Metis people in Manitoba: half and half (Aboriginal & English, Aboriginal & French) ○ Louis Riel led rebellion against Feds; created Manitoba ○ Led another rebellion for Saskatchewan ○ Eventually executed Riel • Canada and USA were enemies ○ Fought in 1812 ○ British burned down White House • Canada became country 1867 • Sir John A. MacDonald argued if Canada didn't unite, USA will take over ○ British lost interest ○ Concern: would lose distinct IDs; especially Quebec, Atlantic provinces  English and French approx. equal; ON a little bigger ○ Wanted single gov't; less federalism  Provincial Federal distinction } from USA ○ Merged the 2 • Soviet Union rival of USA ○ Hated religion (USSR) ○ No economic freedom • Liberty and democracy? ○ Societies trying to govern on other than demo, work very hard to undermine civil aspects of society • Sovereigntyresides with gov't - confederacy • Unitary system - all final say with central gov't • Federalism (in between):separation of powers between 2 more levels of gov't, such that neither level is subordinate to other ○ Power does Not equal ○ Important powers go to 1 gov't; minor go to other level ○ For ex. Power to create cities, provincial power, NOT fed • Called Canada 'confederacy' ○ All important things fed level
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