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Lecture 6

POLB50 Lecture 6.pdf

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Political Science
Christopher Cochrane

POLB50 Lecture 6 October-18-12 3:07 PM Cue Column: Note-Taking Area: • Prorogued: everything stops completely and shuts down;start brand new • Conventions - making use of unwritten rules; can't be enforced in court ○ What forces conventions: responsibility not to violate them (anythingwrong is unconstitutional no matter how legal it is) ○ Voters should punish politicians for violating conventions • Proroguing strategic benefit to party • Legislature ○ Will of gov't ○ Cdn parliament compromised of Queen, senate and HofC ○ Bicameral legislature  2 chambers ○ Queen (exec) is part of parliament ○ Upper house:senate  Dignifiedpart of gov't  Regional representation  Appointedby PM; have to meet conditions □ Must be Canadian □ 30 years old □ Resident of province of their appointment □ At least $4000 assets □ Net worth of over $4000  Used to be 4 regions □ Maritimes (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, P.E.I.) □ QUE * HofC = House of Commons □ ON □ West (Manitoba,Saskatchewan, Alberta, B.C.)  When Nfld joined confederation, gave 6 more seats □ 30 seats in Atlantic Canada □ 24 seats for west of ON *Atlantic Canada = □ 1 senator for each territory Maritimes + Newfoundland □ Doesn'tcorrespond nicely  Very outdatedin seats □ Population, demographic change  105 senators; max 113  Has to be even (4 or 8; 1 or 2 per region respectively)  Once appointed, served until life; NOW, up to 75  Why senate? □ Protect interest of rich  Give them voice  Concern about democracy: ◊ Prevent situationwhen poor gang up on few rich? □ Designed to represent regions; USA is state based  Canada, NOT provincial --> remember only 4 regions □ Sober Second Thought  Idea: senate taken up by elder statesmen ◊ More experienced in things ◊ Look over legislation; correct mistakes; consulting □ Rare that they oppose HofC; legally, they can □ But there are some where they oppose:  Mulroney abortion; Canadano law for abortion  Passed through HofC; but women in HofC voted againstit  Senate has tied vote ◊ Tied vote = defeat ○ HofC elected  Seats allocated across country by populationrepresentation  Senate seats compromised  Exceptions **Midterm format** □ Representation act 1974 aka grandfather clause Short answer questions  Provinces can not lose seats 1 or 2 Essay questions  Will maintain them no matter what Fundamental dates (ex. 1867) □ Senate floor rule: can not have less MPs in HofC than in senate  How seats allocated □ Prov population/ # seats } how many seats/province □ Shifting political power □ Each seat - separate election  Whoever wins the most votes, get seat --> plurality  Wins more votes than opposingcandidates combined --> majority
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