POLB52 – Lecture 8 – March 7 2013
In Canadian politics you mostly see nationalism in Quebec but you also see it in other
countries as well. Professor thinks nationalism is a manifestation of a more general
tendency “of an inclination to identify from a group and to take pride into a group” (ex.
There are different kinds of power. Nationalism is collective, but it’s also ideological.
What does money represent? It’s just an idea. Money is a socially constructive
Race, Gender and Ethnicity
Race has evolved a lot. Some say race is purely socially constructive.
Gender– social constructive. There are certain difference between men and women
biologically but not predetermine socially. Talk about Gender identity, sexual
Most important is the social construction of race, gender, and ethnicity (what people
believe in these things)
Genetic, culture, interaction – there are differences between us that are tribute to
genetic characteristics, physiological genetics, but given those there’s a particular
reaction and it’s that reaction when I think of the culture, social side of ethnic, gender,
Slavery – black people enslave, white people are free. To what extent is this genetic?
Our skin colour is entirely genetic and facial features. These are things we inherited
from our parents. Then there’s a reaction to society which is treating them differently,
enslaving, and etc. It’s that reaction of our cultural side. We can say it’s both the genes
and the culture that matter. In politics it’s social reaction which can change.
Gender – social constructive in men and women. Ethnicity – peoples background.
Hait article - How people react to disgusting things and why they react to these things? I
Social construction of identity
Where do these identities come from? It’s hard to figure out where it is that they come
from. Some are imposed by people’s expectations. Often emerges when we don’t notice
o Ex. Women are responsible for house cleaning. Women do far more house work
than women. The construction of female norm and expectation and male gender
norm and expectation.
o Ex. Cook books – are design to make recipes, when your man comes from work,
rest him up, and ask him to cook. Role models matter – young people, look up to people who has status in their
communities and it influences how we have to behave, how we should think, and what
careers to take.
Ex. If there are no women in politics and women in teaching, nursing etc., there’s a
better chance that you are going to identify in nursing, teaching. Historically, why
women are not in politics.
Expectations that we oppose on our children – not letting boys do things that girls do.
People most vulnerable to info influences if people are least exposed to it. People who
are least affected by politics because the person has tons of info already.
Info-tainment - For people who are not interested, you provide certain messages in
movies/media that has an effect on how they act.
o Ex. Avatar movie- male dominations, myth of the noble savages- unsophisticated
people. At the end of the day, it’s a white guy that saves them all. You have this
whole aboriginal and they siege them. It’s a white guy that wins the war for
Popular Culture – Reinforcing II
Re-enforcing certain ideas, stereotypes, differences from a toy
The blind side movie – Jim Carry.
Pop. Culture-challenging I
Movies can re-enforce ethnic, gender, racial types but they can also challenge them.
People who don’t read politics can watch a movie and you can pitch a topic and directs,
then you may influence them.
o Philadelphia movie – homo, aids movie, both of this things were taboo.
o In 1985, there was a kid show – teen werewolf – racist to gay people
American history X movie – Nazi,
Conveying political and social information through movies and other media is known as
Canada is a perfect racial ethnic society, everyone is treated equally. Class actually
plays. Canada is the most diversity. Religious, cultural, racial, ethnic diversity. It’s not spread evenly. More than 95% of visible minorities live in cities. Recent immigrants
move to cities. Immigration pattern has changed.