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Lecture 8

POLB52 Lecture 8.docx

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Political Science
Christopher Cochrane

th POLB52 – Lecture 8 – March 7 2013  In Canadian politics you mostly see nationalism in Quebec but you also see it in other countries as well. Professor thinks nationalism is a manifestation of a more general tendency “of an inclination to identify from a group and to take pride into a group” (ex. Sports group)  There are different kinds of power. Nationalism is collective, but it’s also ideological.  What does money represent? It’s just an idea. Money is a socially constructive phenomenon. Race, Gender and Ethnicity  Race has evolved a lot. Some say race is purely socially constructive.  Gender– social constructive. There are certain difference between men and women biologically but not predetermine socially. Talk about Gender identity, sexual orientation.  Most important is the social construction of race, gender, and ethnicity (what people believe in these things)  Genetic, culture, interaction – there are differences between us that are tribute to genetic characteristics, physiological genetics, but given those there’s a particular reaction and it’s that reaction when I think of the culture, social side of ethnic, gender, race.  Slavery – black people enslave, white people are free. To what extent is this genetic? Our skin colour is entirely genetic and facial features. These are things we inherited from our parents. Then there’s a reaction to society which is treating them differently, enslaving, and etc. It’s that reaction of our cultural side. We can say it’s both the genes and the culture that matter. In politics it’s social reaction which can change.  Gender – social constructive in men and women. Ethnicity – peoples background.  Hait article - How people react to disgusting things and why they react to these things? I Social construction of identity  Where do these identities come from? It’s hard to figure out where it is that they come from. Some are imposed by people’s expectations. Often emerges when we don’t notice it. o Ex. Women are responsible for house cleaning. Women do far more house work than women. The construction of female norm and expectation and male gender norm and expectation. o Ex. Cook books – are design to make recipes, when your man comes from work, rest him up, and ask him to cook.  Role models matter – young people, look up to people who has status in their communities and it influences how we have to behave, how we should think, and what careers to take.  Ex. If there are no women in politics and women in teaching, nursing etc., there’s a better chance that you are going to identify in nursing, teaching. Historically, why women are not in politics.  Expectations that we oppose on our children – not letting boys do things that girls do. Popular Culture  People most vulnerable to info influences if people are least exposed to it. People who are least affected by politics because the person has tons of info already.  Info-tainment - For people who are not interested, you provide certain messages in movies/media that has an effect on how they act. o Ex. Avatar movie- male dominations, myth of the noble savages- unsophisticated people. At the end of the day, it’s a white guy that saves them all. You have this whole aboriginal and they siege them. It’s a white guy that wins the war for them. Popular Culture – Reinforcing II  Re-enforcing certain ideas, stereotypes, differences from a toy  The blind side movie – Jim Carry. Pop. Culture-challenging I  Movies can re-enforce ethnic, gender, racial types but they can also challenge them.  People who don’t read politics can watch a movie and you can pitch a topic and directs, then you may influence them. o Philadelphia movie – homo, aids movie, both of this things were taboo. o In 1985, there was a kid show – teen werewolf – racist to gay people  American history X movie – Nazi, Infotainment  Conveying political and social information through movies and other media is known as infotainment. Ethnic Diversity  Canada is a perfect racial ethnic society, everyone is treated equally. Class actually plays. Canada is the most diversity. Religious, cultural, racial, ethnic diversity. It’s not spread evenly. More than 95% of visible minorities live in cities. Recent immigrants move to cities. Immigration pattern has changed. Tole
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