Week 11Lecture note.docx

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Political Science
Christopher Cochrane

Week 11 How society was formed? Interaction on society Political parties are in decline, provide people with identities mobilizing them to participating in political party Declining relationship among citizens and industrial countries Aggregate interests – political party cant win by appealing to one group, people should build coalitions of people that will allow them to win election Shape disagreement – political parties reading public opinion polls and responding to that, they advocate different sets of issues Environment, support for same sex marriage, support for environmental policies Reasons for shaping disagreement are political parties Party policies change first, public opinion come second(change) Party change, then voters That consensus broke down Elite oppose the Vietnam, democrats oppose Vietnam War and they formed partisan opposing war Political parties focus on accountability – members of parliament represent free will to represent their constituency How do MP know that there is consensus in constituence that they should be accounted for? Party discipline – ability of a parliamentary group of a political party to get its members to support the policies of their party leadership Political party are organizations that pursue: Goals: public cant be restricted, private can be restricted Market (competitive) – competing for scarce sources; efficiency; success or failure of organization, non-market (cooperative) – very difficult to determine how successful is organization to attain wholes, reduce the incentives that organization need to have to become successful and achieve Membership incentives - different kinds of incentives attract different kinds of people into an organization, intensify them, pay them money would be a reasonable solution, allow people to get social benefits and interact socially, purposive: people participate in organization for the purpose of attaining the goals of organization and achieve objectives Incentives of organization shape people within organization that shape the incentives within organization to get people doing something Think of organization in terms of context Purposive and social incentives creating people who want different things NDP – commonwealth confederation, second largest number of seats in party Conservative merger of Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative parties (john A macdonald’s party) Socialist international - is a worldwide association of political parties which seek to establish democratic socialism. [1It consists of democratic socialist, social democratic and labour political parties and other organisations Liberal international – free market growth, low taxes, women’s rights to abortion and rights of minority groups, liberty “do what you want” in social and economic issues International democratic union – ally with conservative, political parties are conservatives and to the right, tend to advocate punishment for families and punish Green Party – environmental parties, supporting of liberal left-wing on socialism Bloc – separatist party, regionalism seperatism Cadre parties – parties focus on elite winning, parties dominated by politically elite groups of activists—developed in Europe and America during the 19th century, An elite in political and sociological theory, is a small group of people who control a disproportionate amount of wealth or political power. Oligarchy – small groups of people controlling the organization Small group takes control of
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