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Lecture 5

POLB50 Lecture 5.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
Christopher Cochrane

The Parliamentary Tradition Parliamentary vs. Presidential System: Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances(US System): Executive Legislative Judical -Government Administration -Ability to create law -Ability to enforce or intrepret -In a presidential system, -In US allocated to Congress, laws president has executive power the House of Representatives -Used by Supreme court as head of executive branch of and the Senate, where the government legislative power is based -President can Veto -Can not give budget to government budgets president, leading to shutdown -In US there should be strict separation of power, how much power can the president have? Can the president order an drone strike or indefinably detain others without consulting due process? Congress can give power over trade agreements to presidents as long as Congress approves. Only Congress can declare war—president can declare military interventions, but not war. -Founding Fathers feared centralized power—excecutive power can lead to dictatorship -Concern with Syria: Obama said that Congress vote is nonbinding. However he can’t do military action without much money, especially with government shutdown. -Congress can also block money received by presidents Fusion of Powers(British Political System): Executive Legislative Judical -Lies in Queen -In UK allocated to Parliament -Ability to enforce or interpret -President has real power but -Within Parliament, legislativelaws Queen doesn’t, this is contrast power divided between house -Used by Supreme court with US vs. British powers of commons(Green Room) and house of lords(Senate/Red Room) British Cabinet: Crucial component of Parliamentary system of government, Prime minister part of cabinet, he is the first minister minster appointed -Queen appoints Prime minister, PM appoints cabinet, which is political excecutive of government. Queen has “de jure” control over cabinet but in reality cabinet controls the queen and she does what she is told. -Cabinet need 51% support in House of Commons, anything less leads to an election being an election -Interconnections between Queen, Cabinet and Legislature is fusion of power. -Senate in Canada is referred to as the upper chamber, they are not elected so they tend to rubber stamp what is passed by house of commons.
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