Canadian Political Science
Lecture 8: Federalism and the
Unitary Confederal Federal
Sovereignty Sovereignty Sovereignty
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V V |
Central Government Regional Regional Central Government
(Authority) Governme Governme ^
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Regional Regional Central Government Regional Regional Regional
Governme Governme Governme Governme Governme
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• Federalism – More than one level of government that get power from
separate sources. Not subordinate to each other. – FIND REAL CHART
• Confederalism – Regional government has the power. UN like.
• Unitary – All power resides in the central government.
• INSERT DEFINITIONS
Constitution Act of 1867
• We did not want to become American, British, or Irish. John A. MacDonald
wanted a government like England. French Canadians wanted to maintain
their own identities. Expansion to the west and control over a lot of land
was kept in mind.
• It was split up so that the Provinces got taxation, hospitals, municipalities,
local works, civil rights, etc. The Federal Government got taxation, trade,
postal, military, declaratory, and residual powers.
• The federal government was gi