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Introductory Class to Canadian Politics.docx

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Political Science
Mcc Alllister

Introductory Class to Canadian Politics 09/05/2012 3:54:00 PM POLB50H Tharrny Selvathayabaran May 9 2012 1. INTRODUCTION Approach Taken in Canadian Politics: Critical Approaches Vocabulary used: coercion, elite accommodation, embedded state, globalization, government, power, private sector, public sector. The political system: private sector vs. public sector; inputs (demands and support); authorities, output, feedback, environment. Approaches to the Study of Politics Five approaches can help interpret different aspects of the Canadian political system: Pluralist Public Choice Class Analysis State-Centred Globalization Compounded Crisis Threatens the Very Existence of Canada Donald V. Smiley identified three crises that threaten the very existence of Canada: i English-French conflict with francophones being swept up by Quebec nationalism and, for some, separatism. Quebec as a “distinct society” Riel rebellions, conscription crises, bilingualism, FLQ crisis, sovereignty, referendums, Parti Quebecois, Bloc Quebecois. Conflict between the various regions of Canada, especially relations between the “centre” or “core” and the “periphery” Transcontinental railway, national policy, staples theory, Western alienation, protest parties, Reform party Relations with the United States and the threat of American domination of Canada’s economy and culture United Empire Loyalists, foreign ownership, cultural nationalism, external affairs (Viet Nam, Cuba, Communist China, Iraq, Afghanistan). Other crises certainly do exist, like concerns about the environment and global warming and concerns about Aboriginal people, immigration, poverty and homelessness. But none of these threaten the very existence of Canada as a nation the way the “compounded crisis” threatens the country. Donald V. Smiley. Canada in Question: Federalism in the Seventies (Toronto: McGraw-Hill, 1972), Chapter 7. Introductory Class to Canadian Politics 09/05/2012 3:54:00 PM POLB50H Tharrny Selvathayabaran May 9 2012 Read over the weeks outlines ; and that will with the lecture State is able to impose a will on us , by means of sanctions or penalties (jail) COERCION Elites work together to bring into place different government policies ; On going discussion between various acquisitions Embedded State : the already present government with the other aspects political league cannot function on its own = economic , labour Globalization : globalizing force within international , transnational , supranational operating in external environments. They place demands on government , constrains actions of governments. Government : make or force certain decisions ; health care ; INSTITUIONS ; foreign affairs l makes those decisions and enforces them. Government political power : exercise of their power to do what the government wants ; PRIVATE SECTOR : separated from government ; business Broader public sector : separate from government , most of their funding comes form government. PUBLIC SECTOR : How much should the public sector be able to do ? Public sector : input , demands , and how we support the government , judicial system , authority FIVE different approaches to interpret the political system A) Pluralist : operate in competition with each other , no one can government dominates a whole society ; widely dispersed. Can go organize , and get those demands noticed , no one group can decide things on its own , diff policies by diff people ; Interest groups are becoming more important B) Public Choice : sees people as rational individuals , politics, bargaining , politicians make promises to get voted for; they bother with undecided people more. do what is best for you , get other people to agree with this , C) Class Analysis : MARXIST approach , looks at diff classes within society , CORPORATIONS control economy , public policies : laws for themselves ; ability to get rich and stay rich. CANADIAN CHAMBER OF COMMERCE .Government has to control if they are not MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS (ignore demands of state) D) State Centred : think that the state is autonomous , policies bring about how society should be , politicians are keen on parliament and etc E) Globalization : Important demands on CP is external , other countries , international organizations are requiring to Canada are making actions but not making actions other places ; “ Act a certain way to preserve the EURO” CITIZEN LEVEL : protest demonstrations ; elites organized internationally, so are the protestors In Québec law operates in CIVIL LAW ; different legal system where as the rest of Canada , we have common law ; Death of Louis riel = lot of animosity between both francophone and Anglophone ; its important because Quebec could take off , and we’d be considered a separate country the idea of the “right” to do so. Distinction between people that live between pl
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