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POLB80 - Nov. 6.docx

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Political Science
Matthew Hoffmann

POLB80 Nov. 6 1964, most multilateral treaties signed, have has risen specifically (from 1596 – 1995) Cheesemaking treaty between france, Switzerland, Belgium Global politics is very much a ordered method Sovereignty is key principle that orders Anarchy and sovereignty don’t take away the fact that some issues are going to go across borders Making multilateral treaties and interacting in intl orgs Tension that we see in world politics often revolve around sovereignty and cooperation States have a desire to protect autonomy, sovereignty, but alos have common concerns they choose to pursue Types of Order – ESSAY QUESTION!!! Deep constitutional ideas - if these were changed, it would change the way we operate in world politics - ex. Sovereignty… it creates the state system, we would have autonomous states that interact Fundamental institutions - basic rules of interaction in the system (human rights, climate change, - e.g. rules of diplomacy; embassies are extensions of those countries, diplomats are immune, not subject to the national law o 1979, when Iranians took US diplomats hostage (Argo) o British govt wanted to temp. suspend Ecuador’s immunity; Julian Assange - multilateralism, international law Issue specific regimes - if fundamental orgs are tools for interacting, issue specifics is where we create rules for specific areas Global/transnational actors International law and Multilateralism Intl law: formal, informal, conventional, evolving Intl law is binding rules that states follow Is consent an appropriate foundation for intl law? Most states comply most of the time (Chase, Chase) U.S. complies most of the time (more so than other actors… but they don’t sign all the time e.g. never signed the treaty that set up the intl criminal court, unsigned Kyoto Protocol…they justify apparent transgressions) Consent, trust and power are there in creating and enforcing intl law Powerful actors have more of an influence on which law is created Enforcement: soft (shaming) but also actual enforcement (UN Security Council, need all 5 permanent and 10 of 15 members can authorize anything that jeopardizes the peace qnd stability of world; sanctions) UN Security Council attacks notion of sovereignty itself and Sovereignty is not absolute, sovereignty is conditional Formal: analogous to what parliament does for us Informal: freedom of the seas is something that developed over time, became customary international law, diplomatic immunity also evolved over time Conventional understanding of intl law is that states are agents and subjects of intl law To protect sovereign liberty and to facilitate solving common concerns Now the notion has evolved, states are not only the subject of intl law, now individuals are also subjects (le
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