POLB80 Lecture 8: October 30 2012
What’s going on the world? China and Japan are in a dispute over a tiny island. Why? It’s
about the natural resources. This tiny island has oil and will increase their relative
History: There’s a historical legacy of conflict between Japan China. China is still
is not gotten over the Japanese invasion of WWII. We have arguments of
national identity or pride on both sides.
We can also talk about in terms of domestic politics. The economy is not very
great. This conflict is potentially used being used in China with the problems in
economic problems they are having. This is a classic realist problem.
It’s not just wars that are different today. The whole idea of IR is changing. What are the
Nuclear Proliferation: We’re going to stay in the realm of national security.
The trouble with Proliferation:
More will be better for peace and stability because there’s a balance of power-
everyone will be equal. This will lead to peace and stability.
MAD on a global scale. The destructiveness is so great; no one would go to war.
No one really wins if everyone has nuclear weapons in war.
Nuke: Fusion, fission, and neutron – All this is all about atomic energy. We’re
using radioactive material to create the explosion force.
Nuke: Theatre, Strategic
Chemical weapons are not just gases. Nothing comes close to strategic nukes
which can kill a whole city. A large threat is a dirty bomb. This is used to spread
radioactive material. You don’t see an explosion, a suite case of nuclear
More will be worse for peace and stability: BOP not really achieved. If we all
lose the nukes, the world will be a stable place to live in. Is this really true if we
have a huge proliferation in the world. We cannot see or protect states that
make nuclear weapons. Is BOP (everyone equally having nuclear weapons) really
peace? This can cause an edge of war and less cooperation. This is side of the
debate that all of the major states side on. But why?
Why do big powers side with no nuclear weapons: Secure arsenals: So we don’t have
accidents, Partial Proliferation: Is the BOP achieved? There would be arms race,
accidents, and proliferation to non-state actors. The biggest worry is the actors that
don’t have a location cannot be readily deterred. More is worst because we cannot
insure that state and non-state actors would use them, deterrence doesn’t hold. Status quo: Actors are the only one who should have nukes. The ones that are making
nukes are looking for status quo.
There is a fundamental fairness question. Argument: there’s a taboo against these but is
there a taboo? We have this notion that great powers have prestige. Prestige works only
if there’s a taboo against using them. Norms are