Terrorism and Globalization
• Small group work
Globalization as Motivation?
• Western culture values
• Western power
o Globalization not devoid of power
o Realist: military power
o Hierarchy, distribution of power
• Economic Globalization – capitalism
o Create winners/losers
o Economic deprivation (b/c living within social economic place)
o Underlying sense of deprivation, oppressed by the global capitalist system
Globalization as Means
o access to weapons
o increase air travel
Allows dispersed actions, spread words around the world
Real target: governments and public at large
o flows of people
• financial/economic system
o offer more target
o e.g. 911, struck a relatively limited target, had huge global ramification. World is
more vulnerable because of globalization.
• Shared resources & cooperation on counter side
o Source of vulnerability (using internet to diffuse information) allow counter-
terrorism to go global
o Using aspects of globalization, flow of people, goods, money, and ideas. Enables
terrorism in particular ways.
• Changing ideas of objects of security and threats
• Freedom form
Basic understanding. Threats are multiple, human security should be about
protection from violence. Every individual have freedom from fear.
Disease, environmental degradation, poverty. Deprivation of multiple
E.g. UN video, Uganda project, protection of violence and also
ramifications of the war that occurred in the past.
• Is it a good idea?
• Traditional security vs. human security perspective • What needs protecting?
o Individual humans
Begin with human beings being the object of security rather than the state
• What are the threats?
Threat of attack,
• Who is responsible
o IGO’s and international community
State capacity (joint response, not restricted to the developing world)
Providing aspects of human security
Expansion of who is responsibly to include international community.
Tension: Sovereignty vs. Common Concerns
Types of Order
• Deep Constitutio