Monday, November 11, 2013
Practicing Common Concerns vs. Sovereignty
- Nuclear Proliferation
- Human Rights
- What are the Common concerns?
- What are the sovereignty issues? (Or how does sovereignty make it hard to deal with the common concerns?)
Common concerns Sovereignty
- Nuclear Exchange (avoiding) - Right to protect oneself
- Same basic rights everywhere ( what - Right to nuclear energy
sovereignty is based on) - When can you intervene?
- Protection of civilians
- Who decides what human rights are?
- Outside threats? (GZ + connections)
- Who prosecutes?
- Threats to stability (stop spread of nuclear
- Pre-emption ok?
o Decision making procedures
o international community developed for common concerns
- multiple areas
o security, environment, economy
- e.g. climate change: stable climate, bad climate is a common concern
o rules: how we translate big idea about what the common concern is into action
principle: stabilize the climate,
rules: agreements laid out to do that
decision making: processes get us these rules
When should we expect regime?
- Coordination issues (Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism)
o What is coordination
• Coordinate activities to do the same thing
• Everyone has relatively similar interest
o Coordination issues examples (aviation, telecommunication)
- Collaboration (liberalism, constructivism)
o What is collaboration
Harder to get collaborative regimes, don’t expect them to be effective
Different interests, based on economic profile/growth
Agree on standards on where satellite go
Rules are set up so planes can easily cross boarders, mails delivered across borders. TV, radio and
satellite are compatible.
o Collaboration issue examples (global warming, trade)
how much they think will be affected by the climate change POLB80
Monday, November 11, 2013
o Why do the theories differ (group work)
Care more about having standard than what the substance of the standard is
Language of aviation would be English (US being the most powerful)
Regimes reflect the interests of powerful actor. Easier to set up, benefit from the powerful more,
easier with US, many regimes set up for US standard
Sovereign states, unless figure out rules to reconcile the different interests
Pathways to Regimes
- Regime Creation Mechanisms
o Power (R,L,C)
Shape the rules to common concern
Bretton woods, acknowledge US power was needed to set up the regimes
Able to take on the cost of maintaining these regimes
Powerful actors do set up the rules
Realist: when it benefits them, when ti doesn’t, the regime goes away
Liberalist & constructivist: don’t stop at the distribution of power.
o Repeated Negotiation and bargaining (L,C)
Key pathway to regime