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POLB80 Lec 9 Notes.docx

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Political Science
Matthew Hoffmann

POLB80 Lecture 9 Monday, November 11, 2013 Practicing Common Concerns vs. Sovereignty - Nuclear Proliferation - Terrorism - Human Rights - What are the Common concerns? - What are the sovereignty issues? (Or how does sovereignty make it hard to deal with the common concerns?) Common concerns Sovereignty - Nuclear Exchange (avoiding) - Right to protect oneself - Same basic rights everywhere ( what - Right to nuclear energy sovereignty is based on) - When can you intervene? - Protection of civilians - Who decides what human rights are? - Outside threats? (GZ + connections) - Who prosecutes? - Threats to stability (stop spread of nuclear - Pre-emption ok? weapon)s International Regimes - Definition o Principles/norms o Rules o Decision making procedures o international community developed for common concerns - multiple areas o security, environment, economy - e.g. climate change: stable climate, bad climate is a common concern o rules: how we translate big idea about what the common concern is into action  principle: stabilize the climate,  rules: agreements laid out to do that  decision making: processes get us these rules When should we expect regime? - Coordination issues (Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism) o What is coordination  Standards • Coordinate activities to do the same thing • Everyone has relatively similar interest o Coordination issues examples (aviation, telecommunication) - Collaboration (liberalism, constructivism) o What is collaboration  Harder to get collaborative regimes, don’t expect them to be effective  Different interests, based on economic profile/growth  Agree on standards on where satellite go  Rules are set up so planes can easily cross boarders, mails delivered across borders. TV, radio and satellite are compatible. o Collaboration issue examples (global warming, trade)  how much they think will be affected by the climate change POLB80 Lecture 9 Monday, November 11, 2013 o Why do the theories differ (group work)  Care more about having standard than what the substance of the standard is  Language of aviation would be English (US being the most powerful)  Regimes reflect the interests of powerful actor. Easier to set up, benefit from the powerful more, easier with US, many regimes set up for US standard  Sovereign states, unless figure out rules to reconcile the different interests Pathways to Regimes - Regime Creation Mechanisms o Power (R,L,C)  Shape the rules to common concern  Bretton woods, acknowledge US power was needed to set up the regimes  Able to take on the cost of maintaining these regimes  Powerful actors do set up the rules  Realist: when it benefits them, when ti doesn’t, the regime goes away  Liberalist & constructivist: don’t stop at the distribution of power. o Repeated Negotiation and bargaining (L,C)  Key pathway to regime
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