Monday, November 18, 2013
• N-S conflict (N-N, S-S)
o Large developing countries –AOSIS, OPEC
• CBRDR – principle
• EU – growth of green party, renewable energy
• Decades of endless climate talks
o 1992, don’t have effective regimes in place
o Remained the essentially the same since 1990.
o Power of the EU and Small Island would increase substantially.
o Increase people’s moral power.
• Alters how people change their interest in attack the environment.
• Interest conflict on multiple dimensions.
Impacts of climate change
• How bad
o Dynamics of global warming how carbon dioxide lead to global warming, when expected
to see impact of climate change, where (esp. below level of continents), how bad could
o Different kinds of cost and benefits on climate change
• Enforcement of regimes (esp. collaboration regimes) are hard to achieve
Human Rights in World Politics
• What are Human Rights?
o Freedom from Harm
o Set of principles (for everyone)
o Universal Human Rights vs. Cultural Relativism
o Generations of Rights
1 : Civil/ Political Rights of Individuals
• Product of cold war politics
2 : Social/Economic Rights of Individuals
• Discussed at the same time as 1 generation after WWII/cold war.
• Based on political ideology.
3 : Group Rights
• More recent phenomenon
• Right to peace democracy, development.
• In trying to define universal standards, esp. politically relevant standards
o Political debate/conflict
• Common Concerns/Sovereignty Concerns
o Come out of religion, social construction, practice
o International community to protect notions of human rights
o Universal Human Rights
All humans have certain set of entitlement
o Cultural relativism POLB80
Monday, November 18, 2013
Whether diff cultures might have diff ideas about rights that humans should have
Idea of what people are entitled to develops differently in different cultures.
o Moral Relativism
No way to judge amongst different systems/ideas about what rights people have
Huge philosophical debate (not talked about in class)
• Developing a Human Rights Regime
Can we have universal standards?
Yes Maybe No
• Can if enforced • Only go so far • Diversity between states
• Some basic • Western standards? • Sovereignty
• Int com has responsibility • Capacity to provide them
• National law •
Sovereignty vs. Common Concerns in Human Rights
• Tension between common concerns and sovereignty in almost every aspect.
Protecting Human Rights
• What kind of an issue
o Coordination or collaboration
Coordination: cooperation > individual interest
• Regimes building steps (not distinct steps, organized thoughts)
o Issue definition
Put on the int’l agenda after WWII, horror of the Holocaust, development of the
Charter. Those winning WWII gave UN the responsibility to promote and