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Lecture

POLB80 Lec 10 Notes.docx

3 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLB80H3
Professor
Matthew Hoffmann

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POLB80 Monday, November 18, 2013 Lecture 10 Instance Exercise • Impasse • N-S conflict (N-N, S-S) o Large developing countries –AOSIS, OPEC • CBRDR – principle • US/Canada/Australia/Russia/Japan • EU – growth of green party, renewable energy • Decades of endless climate talks o 1992, don’t have effective regimes in place o Remained the essentially the same since 1990. o Power of the EU and Small Island would increase substantially. o Increase people’s moral power. • Alters how people change their interest in attack the environment. • Interest conflict on multiple dimensions. Impacts of climate change • When • Where • How bad o Dynamics of global warming how carbon dioxide lead to global warming, when expected to see impact of climate change, where (esp. below level of continents), how bad could things get. o Different kinds of cost and benefits on climate change • Enforcement of regimes (esp. collaboration regimes) are hard to achieve Human Rights in World Politics • What are Human Rights? o Freedom from Harm o Set of principles (for everyone) o Universal Human Rights vs. Cultural Relativism o Generations of Rights st  1 : Civil/ Political Rights of Individuals • Product of cold war politics  2 : Social/Economic Rights of Individuals st • Discussed at the same time as 1 generation after WWII/cold war. • Based on political ideology.  3 : Group Rights • More recent phenomenon • Right to peace democracy, development. • In trying to define universal standards, esp. politically relevant standards o Political debate/conflict • Common Concerns/Sovereignty Concerns o Come out of religion, social construction, practice o International community to protect notions of human rights o Universal Human Rights  All humans have certain set of entitlement o Cultural relativism POLB80 Monday, November 18, 2013 Lecture 10  Whether diff cultures might have diff ideas about rights that humans should have  Idea of what people are entitled to develops differently in different cultures. o Moral Relativism  No way to judge amongst different systems/ideas about what rights people have  Huge philosophical debate (not talked about in class) • Developing a Human Rights Regime Group discussion Can we have universal standards? Yes Maybe No • Can if enforced • Only go so far • Diversity between states • Some basic • Western standards? • Sovereignty • Int com has responsibility • Capacity to provide them • National law • Sovereignty vs. Common Concerns in Human Rights • Tension between common concerns and sovereignty in almost every aspect. Protecting Human Rights • What kind of an issue o Coordination or collaboration  Coordination: cooperation > individual interest • Regimes building steps (not distinct steps, organized thoughts) o Issue definition  Put on the int’l agenda after WWII, horror of the Holocaust, development of the Charter. Those winning WWII gave UN the responsibility to promote and
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